Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «S»:
Standard of care
Standard of care: 1. A diagnostic and treatment process that a clinician should follow for a certain type of patient, illness, or clinical circumstance. Adjuvant chemotherapy for lung cancer is "a new standard of care, but not necessarily the only standard of care." (New England Journal of Medicine,...
Stanley B. Prusiner
Stanley B. Prusiner: See: Prusiner, Stanley B.....
Stanolone: A semisynthetic analog of dihydrotestosterone....
Stapes: A stirrup-shaped bone in the middle ear. The stapes transmits sound vibrations from the incus, another little bone in the middle ear, to the oval window adjacent to the inner ear. The stapes is the smallest bone in the body. Pronounced stay-peas. Stapes, a Late Latin word meaning stirrup, ca...
Staph: Very commonly used shortened form of
Staphylococcus, a very common and important group of bacteria. See Staphylococcus....
Staph infection: A staph infection is an infection with a Staphylococcal bacteria....
Staphylococcal infection: Infection with one
of the Staphylococcal bacteria. Staph infection can cause
pus-filled abscesses on the skin or internal organs, and
can migrate through the blood to infect the heart,
meninges, and other areas. Treatment is with antibiotics
and drainage of abscesses ...
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome: An infection of the
skin with group II Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. The bacteria
release toxins, causing inflamed, scaling skin that looks as though
it has been burned. It is more common in children than in adults, but
is more likely to cause death when i...
Staphylococcus: A group of bacteria that cause a
multitude of diseases. Under a microscope, Staphylococcus bacteria
are round and bunched together. They can cause illness directly by
infection, or indirectly through products they make, such as the
toxins responsible for food poisoning and toxic ...
Staphylococcus, antibiotic-resistant: form of
the Staphylococcus bacteria that is unaffected by commonly
used antibiotics. Antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus is a
growing problem, particularly in hospitals where Staph
infections can run rampant. Treatment is with "super-
antibiotics" when possi...
Stargardt disease: An hereditary eye disease that is one of the most frequent causes of macular degeneration in childhood. (The macula is the part of the retina that is responsible for central vision.)
The disease has its onset between the ages of 7 and 12 years, follows a rapidly progressive cours...
STARI: Southern tick-associated rash illness....
Start, sleep: See: Hypnic jerk....
Startle disease: A genetic disorder also known as hyperexplexia in which babies have an exaggerated startle reflex (reaction).
This disorder was not recognized until 1962 when it was described by Drs. Kok and Bruyn as a disease with the onset at birth of hypertonia (stiffness), exaggerated startle r...
Startle reflex: A reflex seen in normal infants
in response to a loud noise. The infant with make a sudden
body movement, bringing the legs and arms toward the chest.