Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «L»:
Lithium: Lithium carbonate (brand names: Eskalith; Lithobid), a drug used as a mood stabilizer for the treatment of manic/depressive (bipolar) disorder.
It prevents or diminishes the intensity of episodes of mania in bipolar patients. Typical symptoms of mania include pressure of speech, motor hyper...
Lithium carbonate: See: Lithium....
Litho-: Prefix meaning stone. A lithotomy is an operation to remove a stone. Lithotripsy involves
crushing a stone. The stone may be in the gallbladder or in the urinary tract. ...
Lithobid: See: Lithium....
Lithotomy: Surgical removal of a stone, especially a kidney or bladder stone. From the Greek roots litho-, stone + tome, a cutting. Lithotomy was once called "cutting for the stone."...
Lithotomy position: Position in which the patient is on their back with the hips and knees flexed and the thighs apart. The position is often used for vaginal examinations and childbirth....
Lithotripsy: A procedure to break a stone into small particles that can be passed in the urine. ...
Lithotripsy, extracorporeal shock wave
Lithotripsy, extracorporeal shock wave: See: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy....
Lithotripsy, percutaneous nephro- (PNL)
Lithotripsy, percutaneous nephro- (PNL): A technique for removing large and/or dense stones and staghorn stones.
PNL is done via a port created by puncturing the kidney through the skin and enlarging the access port to 1 cm (about 3/8 inch) in diameter. There is no surgical incision.
PNL is done u...
Lithotriptor: A stone crushing machine used to shatter kidney stones and gallstones by physical or other means such as with a shock wave.
There are several methods available for producing an acoustical or ultrasonic "big bang" which can be focused from outside onto the kidney and the kidney stone. ...
Litmus: A pigment used as a test for acidity and alkalinity. Litmus paper turns red in acid and blue in an alkaline solution. Litmus is prepared from lichens like Roccella tinctoria. Figuratively, a litmus test is a decision in which a single factor is the determinant....
Litmus test: 1. A test to determine the acidity and alkalinity of a solution. See: Litmus.
2. Figuratively, any test in which a single factor is decisive....
Little lady of Flores
Little lady of Flores: The first skeleton, that of a diminuitive female, found on the Indonesian island of Flores belonging to a new human-like species -- Homo floresiensis....
Little People of America
Little People of America: An organization for people of short stature whose mission is to assist dwarfs with their physical and developmental concerns resulting from short stature. By networking with other national and international growth-related and genetic-support groups, LPA works to enhance kno...
Live animal market
Live animal market: See: Wet market....