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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «L»:

  1. Lithium Lithium
    Lithium: Lithium carbonate (brand names: Eskalith; Lithobid), a drug used as a mood stabilizer for the treatment of manic/depressive (bipolar) disorder. It prevents or diminishes the intensity of episodes of mania in bipolar patients. Typical symptoms of mania include pressure of speech, motor hyper...
  2. Lithium carbonate Lithium carbonate
    Lithium carbonate: See: Lithium....
  3. Litho- Litho-
    Litho-: Prefix meaning stone. A lithotomy is an operation to remove a stone. Lithotripsy involves crushing a stone. The stone may be in the gallbladder or in the urinary tract. ...
  4. Lithobid Lithobid
    Lithobid: See: Lithium....
  5. Lithotomy Lithotomy
    Lithotomy: Surgical removal of a stone, especially a kidney or bladder stone. From the Greek roots litho-, stone + tome, a cutting. Lithotomy was once called "cutting for the stone."...
  6. Lithotomy position Lithotomy position
    Lithotomy position: Position in which the patient is on their back with the hips and knees flexed and the thighs apart. The position is often used for vaginal examinations and childbirth....
  7. Lithotripsy Lithotripsy
    Lithotripsy: A procedure to break a stone into small particles that can be passed in the urine. ...
  8. Lithotripsy, extracorporeal shock wave Lithotripsy, extracorporeal shock wave
    Lithotripsy, extracorporeal shock wave: See: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy....
  9. Lithotripsy, percutaneous nephro- (PNL) Lithotripsy, percutaneous nephro- (PNL)
    Lithotripsy, percutaneous nephro- (PNL): A technique for removing large and/or dense stones and staghorn stones. PNL is done via a port created by puncturing the kidney through the skin and enlarging the access port to 1 cm (about 3/8 inch) in diameter. There is no surgical incision. PNL is done u...
  10. Lithotriptor Lithotriptor
    Lithotriptor: A stone crushing machine used to shatter kidney stones and gallstones by physical or other means such as with a shock wave. There are several methods available for producing an acoustical or ultrasonic "big bang" which can be focused from outside onto the kidney and the kidney stone. ...
  11. Litmus Litmus
    Litmus: A pigment used as a test for acidity and alkalinity. Litmus paper turns red in acid and blue in an alkaline solution. Litmus is prepared from lichens like Roccella tinctoria. Figuratively, a litmus test is a decision in which a single factor is the determinant....
  12. Litmus test Litmus test
    Litmus test: 1. A test to determine the acidity and alkalinity of a solution. See: Litmus. 2. Figuratively, any test in which a single factor is decisive....
  13. Little lady of Flores Little lady of Flores
    Little lady of Flores: The first skeleton, that of a diminuitive female, found on the Indonesian island of Flores belonging to a new human-like species -- Homo floresiensis....
  14. Little People of America Little People of America
    Little People of America: An organization for people of short stature whose mission is to assist dwarfs with their physical and developmental concerns resulting from short stature. By networking with other national and international growth-related and genetic-support groups, LPA works to enhance kno...
  15. Live animal market Live animal market
    Live animal market: See: Wet market....