Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «K»:
Kawasaki disease: A disease that has nothing to do with the motor bike of the same name but is a syndrome of unknown origin that mainly affects young children, causing fever, reddening of the eyes
lips and mucous membranes of the mouth, ulcerative gum disease
kb: Abbreviation for kilobase....
Kearns-Sayre syndrome: A neuromuscular disorder characterized by three primary findings:
Progressive paralysis of certain eye muscles (chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia, or CPEO);
Abnormal accumulation of colored (pigmented) material on the retina (atypical retinitis pigmentosa), leadin...
Kegel exercises: Exercises designed to increase
muscle strength and elasticity in the female pelvis. Kegel
exercises may be recommended for treatment of an
incompetent cervix, vaginal looseness after pregnancy and
delivery, or urinary incontinence....
Kelman, Charles D.
Kelman, Charles D.: See: Phacoemulsification....
Keloid: A scar that doesn't know when to stop. When the skin is injured, cells grow back to fill in the gap. Somehow,
they normally "know" when the scar tissue is level with the
skin, at which point the cells stop multiplying. When the cells keep on
reproducing, the result is a what is called a...
Removal of part of the cornea. This can be done by surgical
excision or by
laser. One such laser procedure is PRK (photorefractive
Keratectomy, photorefractive (PRK)
(PRK): A kind of laser eye surgery designed
to change the shape of the cornea to eliminate (or reduce)
the need for
glasses and contact lenses. The laser is used to remove the
outer layer of
the cornea and flatten the cornea. The flattening of the
cornea is intended
Keratin: Protein in the upper layer of the skin, hair, nails and
animal horns. The word keratin comes from the Indo-European ker meaning horn. ...
Keratitis: Inflammation of the cornea (the transparent structure in the front of the eye). ...
Keratitis, acanthamoeba: See: Acanthamoeba keratitis....
Keratitis, rosacea: See: Rosacea keratitis....
Keratitis, vaccinia: See Vaccinia keratitis....
syndrome: An inherited disorder in which affected
Keratitis -- gradual destruction of the
cornea of the eye, sometimes leading to
Ichthyosis -- localized areas of disfiguring reddish thickened skin ("fish skin")
Deafness -- at birth
Kerato-: Confusing prefix that can refer either to the cornea (as in keratitis and keratocornea) or to "horny" tissue (as in keratin and keratosis)....