Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «E»:
EMG syndrome: The exomphalos-macroglossia-gigantism syndrome. See: Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome....
EMG, surface: Surface EMG....
-emia: Suffix meaning blood or referring to the presence of a substance in the blood. As for example, anemia (lack of blood) and hypervolemia (too high a volume of blood). The ending -emia is one of the building blocks derived from Greek (in this case) or Latin used to construct medical terms. From ...
Emotional child abuse
Emotional child abuse: Emotional child abuse is the third
most frequently reported form of child abuse (after child neglect and
physical child abuse), accounting 17% of all cases of child abuse.
It is likely that emotional child abuse is greatly underreported,
since it can be difficult to detect...
Emotional eating: Emotional eating is the practice of consuming large quantities of food -- usually "comfort" or junk foods -- in response to feelings instead of hunger. Experts estimate that 75% of overeating is caused by emotions....
Emphysema: 1) A lung condition featuring an abnormal
accumulation of air in the lung's many tiny air sacs, a tissue called
alveoli. As air continues to collect in these sacs, they become
enlarged, and may break, or be damaged and form scar tissue.
Emphysema is strongly associated with smoking ci...
Empiric risk: The chance that a disease will occur in a family based upon
experience (past history, medical records, etc.) rather than theory....
Empirical: Based on
experience and observation, rather than systematic logic. Experienced physicians
often use empirical reasoning to make diagnoses, based on having seen many cases
over the years. Less-experienced physicians are more likely to use diagnostic
guides and manuals. In practice, bot...
Empirical midwife: A midwife who has entered the
profession as an apprentice to a practicing midwife rather
than attending a formal school program....
Employment Retirement Income Security Act
Employment Retirement Income Security Act: See: ERISA....
Empyema: The presence of pus in the pleural space which is between the outer surface of the lung and the chest wall. Empyema is often a complication of
pneumonia caused by
bacteria such as Streptococcus pneumonia, Staphylococcus aureus, or Haemophilus influenza (H. flu) type b.
The formation of t...
EMSY: A novel protein that connects the familial and sporadic forms of
breast cancer and ovarian cancer.
Some cases of breast and ovarian cancer are familial and strike women in the same family who have a heritable mutation of a gene called BRCA2 that is involved in DNA repair. However, these gene...
EMT: Emergency medical technician, a person trained in and expert in the performance of the procedures required in emergency medical care....
Enanthem: A rash inside the body.
An example: the spots in measles (Koplik's spots) inside
the mouth that look like a tiny grains of white sand
surrounded by a red ring.
By contrast, a rash on the outside of the body is called an exanthem. A patient with measles may have both an exanthem and an ...