Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «C»:
Cholesterol, LDL: Lipoproteins which are
combinations of lipids (fats) and proteins are the form in which
lipids are transported in the blood. The low-density lipoproteins
cholesterol from the liver to the tissues of the body. LDL
cholesterol is therefore
considered the "bad" choleste...
Cholesteryl ester transfer protein
Cholesteryl ester transfer protein: See: Cholesterol ester transfer protein....
Cholestin: One of the three major preparations of red yeast rice, a tradition Chinese medicine now used to lower cholesterol. Cholestin is also known as Hypocol....
Chondrocalcinosis: Calcium in cartilage, usually in a joint, as in osteoarthritis....
Chondrodysplasia, metaphyseal (McKusick type)
Chondrodysplasia, metaphyseal (McKusick type): See: Cartilage hair hypoplasia syndrome....
Chondrodystrophic myotonia: See: Schwartz-Jampel syndrome....
Chondrogenesis imperfecta: See: Achondrogenesis type II....
Chondroitin sulfate: A glycosaminoglycan (formerly called a mucopolysaccharide) found in cartilage, bone, blood vessels and connective tissues. There are two forms: chondroitin sulfate A and chondroitin sulfate C. One or both types accumulate abnormally in several of the mucopolysaccharidosis disord...
Chondromalacia: : Abnormal softening or degeneration of cartilage. See also patellofemoral syndrome....
Chondromalacia patellae: The patellofemoral
syndrome (PFS), the most common cause of chronic knee pain. PFS
of the inner knee area, aggravated by activity (running,
or descending stairs) or by prolonged sitting with knees in
Chondroplasia: The formation of cartilage by
specialized cells called chondrocytes....
Chondrosarcoma: A malignant tumor that forms in cartilage cells (chondroplasts) and that produces cartilage matrix. Chondrosarcoma can be primary or secondary. Primary chondrosarcoma forms in bone and is found in children. Secondary chondrosarcoma arises from preexisting benign defects of cartilage ...
Chorda tympani: A branch of the facial nerve (the seventh cranial nerve) that serves the taste buds in the front of the tongue, runs through the middle ear, and carries taste messages to the brain.
The chorda tympani is part of one of three cranial nerves that are involved in taste. The taste system...
Chordae tendineae: Thread-like bands of fibrous
tissue which attach on one end to the edges of the tricuspid and
mitral valves of the heart and on the other end to the papillary
muscles, small muscles within the heart that serve to anchor the
Chordoma: A form of bone cancer that usually starts in the lower