Generic name: Bisoprolol fumarate, HydrochlorothiazideBrand names: Ziac
Ziac is used to treat high blood pressure. It combines a beta-blocker (bisoprolol) with a thiazide diuretic (hydrochlorothiazide). Beta-blockers decrease the force and rate of heart contractions, thus lowering blood pressure. Diuretics help your body produce and eliminate more urine, which also helps lower blood pressure.
Ziac does not cure high blood pressure; it merely keeps it under control. Therefore, you must continue taking it even if you are feeling well. Do not stop taking Ziac unless instructed to do so by your doctor. This is especially important if you have coronary artery disease. Abruptly stopping Ziac could cause chest pain, heart rhythm problems, and even heart attack.
Take Ziac exactly as prescribed, even if your symptoms have disappeared. Try not to miss any doses. If Ziac is not taken regularly, your condition may worsen.
Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, inform your doctor as soon as possible. Only your doctor can determine whether it is safe for you to continue taking Ziac.
Additional side effects have been reported with Ziac, although it's unknown if the drug was the cause. Be sure to tell your doctor about any unusual or severe symptoms.
Do not take Ziac if you have inadequate blood supply to the circulatory system (cardiogenic shock), certain types of irregular heartbeat, a slow heartbeat, bronchial asthma, or severe congestive heart failure. Also avoid the drug if you have trouble urinating.
Do not use Ziac if you have an allergic reaction to the drug.
Use Ziac cautiously if you have a history of congestive heart failure.
Do not suddenly stop taking Ziac (see "Most important fact about Ziac"). If you have to stop taking the drug, the doctor will gradually lower your dose of Ziac over a period of 2 weeks.
Call your doctor immediately if you develop breathing problems or an extremely slow heartbeat while taking Ziac.
If you suffer from asthma or other bronchial conditions, coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease, or kidney or liver disease, Ziac should be used with caution.
Notify your doctor or dentist that you are taking Ziac if you have a medical emergency, and before you have surgery or dental treatment.
Ziac causes some people to become drowsy or less alert. You should not drive or operate dangerous machinery or participate in any hazardous activity until you know how the drug affects you.
This medication may mask the symptoms of low blood sugar or alter blood sugar levels. In addition, diabetics who experience a severe drop in blood sugar after taking insulin may suffer a spike in blood pressure if they are also taking Ziac.
If you have a history of severe allergic reactions that have required epinephrine, you should be aware that Ziac may make your system unresponsive to the usual effective dose of epinephrine.
If you have systemic lupus erythematosus, you should be aware that Ziac could make the symptoms worse.
Ziac could mask symptoms of an overactive thyroid. Abruptly stopping the drug could make the condition worse.
In a small number of people, Ziac has interfered with the functioning of the parathyroid, causing blood levels of calcium and phosphate to rise. In rare cases, the drug has also caused gout.
There is a slight chance that Ziac could cause a drop in blood levels of electrolytes such as potassium and magnesium. Call your doctor if you develop any of the following: drowsiness, dry mouth, excessive thirst, low blood pressure, muscle pains or cramps, rapid heartbeat, restlessness, gastrointestinal problems such as nausea and vomiting, weakness or muscle fatigue, or an unusual decrease in urination.
Be aware that Ziac could make you more sensitive to sunlight.
If Ziac is taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. It is especially important to check with your doctor when combining Ziac with the following:Any other blood pressure drugs, including the calcium-blockers diltiazem, disopyramide, and verapamilAlcoholBarbiturate sedativesCholesterol-lowering drugsClonidineDiabetes drugs (oral)Disopyramide and similar drugs used to treat irregular heartbeatEpinephrineGuanethidineInsulinLithiumMuscle relaxants such as tubocurarineNonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirinNorepinephrinePainkillers such as codeine or morphineReserpineRifampinSteroids such as prednisone
The effects of Ziac during pregnancy have not been adequately studied. If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant, inform your doctor immediately. Ziac should be used only if the benefit outweighs the potential risk.
It is not known if Ziac appears in breast milk. If Ziac is essential to your health, your doctor may advise you to discontinue breastfeeding until your treatment with Ziac is finished.
Dosage is tailored to each individual's needs. The usual starting dose is 2.5 milligrams of bisoprolol with 6.25 milligrams of hydrochlorothiazide once a day. If this dose is ineffective, the dose may be increased every 14 days up to a maximum of 20 milligrams bisoprolol/12.5 milligrams hydrochlorothiazide once a day.
If you have asthma, bronchial problems, or kidney or liver disease, the doctor may have you take a very low starting dose. Extreme caution should be used if the dose has to be increased.
Ziac has not been adequately studied in children.
Any medication taken in excess can have serious consequences. If you suspect an overdose of Ziac, seek medical attention immediately.
Large overdoses may interfere with breathing or cause delirium, coma, or convulsions.