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Drugs reference index «Human insulin»

Human insulin

Brand names: Exubera

Why is Human insulin prescribed?

Exubera is a prescription medicine that contains an insulin powder that you breathe in (inhale) through your mouth using the Exubera inhaler. It is used to treat adults with diabetes. It helps to control high blood sugar. This inhaled insulin starts working faster than regular injected insulin.

Most important fact about Human insulin

Exubera is a prescription medicine that contains an insulin powder that you breathe in (inhale) through your mouth. Do not use Exubera if you smoke, start smoking, or if you quit smoking less than 6 months ago. Smoking can increase the amount of Exubera you get and may cause your blood sugar to become dangerously low. If you smoke, or you quit smoking less than 6 months ago, you will need a different treatment for your diabetes.

Make sure you get the right dose from your pharmacy. Do not use three 1-milligram blisters in place of one 3-milligram blister because you may get too much insulin.

How should you take Human insulin?

Do not open the Exubera blisters. The Exubera inhaler is designed to open the blister after you have placed the unopened blister into the device. Do not swallow the contents of the blister. Inhalation should take place 10 minutes before a meal.

  • Storage instructions...Store at room temperature in a dry place away from sunlight.

What side effects may occur?

Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, inform your doctor as soon as possible. Only your doctor can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking Human insulin.

  • Side effects may include:Allergic reaction, chest discomfort, cough, dry mouth, low/high blood sugar, lowered lung functions
  • Symptoms of high blood sugar include:Decreased appetite, drowsiness/confusion, fast breathing, fruity smelling breath, increased thirst, increased urination, nausea, stomach pain, vomiting
  • Symptoms of low blood sugar include:Anxiety, blurry vision, dizziness, headache, light-headedness, mood changes, restlessness, shaking, sweating, tingling in hands, feet, lips, or tongue

Why should Human insulin not be prescribed?

Do not use Exubera if you smoke or stopped smoking less than 6 months ago. If you start smoking or resume smoking, stop using Exubera right away. See your doctor right away for a different treatment. Also, do not use Human insulin if you have unstable lung disease, or if you are allergic to any of its ingredients.

Special warnings about Human insulin

Tell your doctor about all prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medications you are taking before beginning treatment with Exubera. Also, talk to your doctor about your complete medical history, especially if you have liver or kidney problems, are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are nursing.

Special information if you are pregnant or breastfeeding

The effects of Exubera during pregnancy and breastfeeding are unknown. Talk with your doctor before taking Human insulin if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.

Recommended dosage for Human insulin


The usual dose of Exubera ranges from 1 milligram (mg) to 3 mg of inhaled insulin, as prescribed by your doctor. If you are prescribed 3 mg, never inhale three 1-mg blisters of Exubera (see "Most important fact about Human insulin").


Any medication taken in excess can have serious consequences. If you suspect an overdose, seek medical attention immediately.

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