Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «Z»:
Zolmitriptan: A triptan drug for the treatment of migraine. Marketed under the brand name Zomig....
Zolpidem: Brand name: Ambien. A sedative hypnotic drug in a class closely related the benzodiazepines, affecting the central nervous system, used as a sleep drug. For more information, see: zolpidem....
Zomig: Brand name for zolmitriptan, a triptan drug for the treatment of migraine....
Zona: 1. A synonym for shingles.
2. Any zone or encircling area.
3. Any area with a specific boundary.
Zona, Latin for a girdle, is a synonym for shingles because it can appear to girdle part of the body....
Zona pellucida: The strong membrane that forms
around an ovum as it develops in the ovary. The membrane
remains in place during the egg's travels through the
Fallopian tube. To fertilize the egg, a sperm must penetrate
the thinning zona pellucida. If fertilization
takes place, the membrane dis...
Zone diet: The Zone diet is a weight loss plan based upon the idea that the right ratio of carbohydrates to proteins and fats can control
levels of insulin in the bloodstream. Too much of the hormone, according to the diet's developer Barry Sears, PhD, can increase fat storage and inflammation in ...
Zoonosis: An infectious disease in animals that can be transmitted to people. The natural reservoir for the infectious agent is a animal.
Examples of zoonoses include rabies (a viral disease that can be transmitted to humans through an infected animal's bite) and psittacosis (a chlamydial infection ...
Zoonotic: Pertaining to a zoonosis: a disease that can be transmitted from animals to people or, more specifically, a disease that normally exists in animals but that can infect humans. There are multitudes of zoonotic diseases.
Some examples include:
Zoonotic disease: Any disease that is spread from animals to people. There are many known zoonotic diseases, some of them very familiar such as Lyme disease and malaria. Less familiar zoonotic diseases (beginning with the letters "a" and "b") include alveolar hydatid disease (echinococcosis), ancylo...
Zoonotic transfer: The transmission of a disease from an animal host to a human. Infections transmitted from their animal host of origin to people may have a very severe impact. Hantavirus is an example. See also: Zoonosis; Zoonotic; Zoonotic disease.
Zooparasite: A living parasite, such as a worm or
Zoophilia: A sexual disorder involving an erotic attraction to animals or an abnormal desire to have sexual contact with animals.
Zoophilia is one form of paraphilia (deviant sexual behavior)....
Zoophobia: An abnormal and
persistent fear of animals.
A phobia is an unreasonable fear that can cause avoidance and
panic. Phobias are a
relatively common type of anxiety disorder. Phobias can be treated with
cognitive behavioral therapy using exposure and fear reduction techniques. In
Zovirax: Brand name of Acyclovir....
Zygoma: The part of the temporal bone of the skull that
forms the prominence of the cheek.
The zygoma is also known as the zygomatic
bone or arch, the malar bone, the cheek bone and the yoke bone.
The word "zygomatic" comes from the Greek "zygon" meaning a yoke
or crossbar by which two draft an...