Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «S»:
Syndrome, toxic shock
Syndrome, toxic shock: A grave condition occurring
predominantly in menstruating women using tampons, toxic shock is characterized by a
highly toxic state (with sudden high fever, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle aching) followed by
low blood pressure (hypotension) which can lead to shock (and death). Th...
Syndrome, trisomy 13
Syndrome, trisomy 13: Condition with three rather than
the normal two chromosomes #13. Children born with this syndrome have multiple
malformations and mental retardation due to the extra chromosome #13. The congenital
malformations (birth defects) commonly include scalp defects, hemangiomas (blood
Syndrome, trisomy 18
Syndrome, trisomy 18: There are three instead of the
normal two chromosomes #18. Children with this condition have multiple malformations and
mental retardation due to the extra chromosome #18. The children characteristically have
low birth weight, small head (microcephaly), small jaw (micrognathia)...
Syndrome, trisomy 21
Syndrome, trisomy 21: A common chromosome disorder,
often called Down syndrome, due to an extra chromosome number 21
(trisomy 21). The chromosome abnormality affects both the physical
and intellectual development of the individual.
Trisome 21 (Down) syndrome is associated with a major
risk for ...
Syndrome, Turner-Kieser: See Nail-patella syndrome....
Syndrome, Usher: A genetic disorder characterized by hearing impairment and an eye disorder called retinitis pigmentosa in which vision worsens over time. Some people with Usher syndrome also have balance problems.
It is the most common disease that compromises both hearing and vision. More than h...
Syndrome, von Hippel-Lindau
Syndrome, von Hippel-Lindau: See Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome....
Syndrome, Waardenburg: See Waardenburg syndrome....
Syndrome, Werner: A premature aging disease that begins in adolescence or early in adulthood and results in apparent old age by 30-40 years of age.
The characteristic features of Werner syndrome include short stature, premature graying and balding, wizened face, beaked nose, cataracts, scleroderma-...
Syndrome, Witkop: A genetic disorder characterized by the absence of several teeth at birth and abnormalities of the nails. The disorder is also known as hypodontia and nail dysgenesis or, more picturesquely, as the tooth and nail syndrome (TNS).
The tooth and nail defects in the syndrome are high...
Syndrome, Wolf-Hirschhorn: See: Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome....
Syndrome, Wolff-Parkinson-White: A condition caused by an abnormality in the electrical system of the heart which normally tells the heart muscle when to contract.
In Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome there is an extra electrical connection inside the heart that acts as a short circuit, caus...
Syndrome, Wolfram: See: Wolfram syndrome....
Syndrome, WPW: WPW is an
abbreviation for the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, a condition caused by an
abnormality in the electrical system of the heart which normally tells the heart
muscle when to contract.
In WPW there is an extra electrical connection inside the heart that acts as a shor...
Syndrome, yeast: The yeast Candida has been thought to
cause a syndrome with a number of nonspecific problems including fatigue, loss of
appetite, headache, short-attention span, depression and all manner of intestinal
irregularities. There is no scientific evidence to support the existence of the y...