Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «S»:
Syndrome, polyglandular autoimmune (PGA)
Syndrome, polyglandular autoimmune (PGA): A genetic autoimmune disease with an extraordinary array of clinical features but characterized most often by at least 2 of the following 3 findings: hypoparathyroidism -- underfunction of the parathyroid glands which control calcium,
candidiasis (yeast inf...
Syndrome, popliteal pterygium
Syndrome, popliteal pterygium: See Popliteal web syndrome....
Syndrome, post-polio (PPS)
Syndrome, post-polio(PPS): A constellation of symptoms and
signs that appear from 20 to 40 years after the initial polio
infection, and at least 10 years after what was thought to be
recovery from polio It is estimated that 1.63 million Americans were
struck by polio in the epidemics of the 1940...
Syndrome, Prader-Willi: See: Prader-Willi syndrome....
Syndrome, premenstrual: See Premenstrual syndrome....
Syndrome, Proteus: A disturbance of cell growth
including benign tumors under the skin, overgrowth of the body, often more on one side
than the other (hemihypertrophy), and overgrowth of fingers (macrodactyly). The syndrome
is named after the Greek god Proteus the polymorphous who could change his a...
Syndrome, prune belly
Syndrome, prune belly: Partial or complete absence of the abdominal muscles so that the outlines of the intestines are visible through the thin, lax, protruding abdominal wall. The abdominal wall looks shrunken, shriveled and wrinkled like a prehistoric prune.
The prune belly syndrome probably occu...
Syndrome, radial aplasia-thrombocytopenia
Syndrome, radial aplasia-thrombocytopenia: See
Syndrome, Raeder's: A
distinctive syndrome of headaches, also known as cluster
headache or migrainous neuralgia. The common pattern of
cluster headache is termed "episodic" and is characterized
by 1-3 short attacks of pain each day around the eyes,
clustered over a stretch of 1-2 months, fo...
Syndrome, Ramsay Hunt
Syndrome, Ramsay Hunt: See: Ramsay Hunt syndrome....
Syndrome, reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSDS)
Syndrome, reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSDS): A
condition that features a group of typical symptoms, including pain (often
"burning" type), tenderness, and swelling of an extremity associated with
varying degrees of sweating, warmth and/or coolness, flushing, discoloration, and shiny
Syndrome, Reiter: A chronic form of inflammatory
arthritis wherein the following three conditions are combined: (1) arthritis; (2)
inflammation of the eyes (conjunctivitis); and (3) inflammation of
the genital, urinary or
Syndrome, renal, with hemorrhagic fever
Syndrome, renal, with hemorrhagic fever:
A number of diseases, also known as hemorrhagic fever, characterized by an abrupt onset of high
fever and chills, headache, cold and cough, and pain in the muscles, joints and abdomen with nausea and vomiting followed by bleeding into the kidney and elsewh...
Syndrome, Rendu-Osler-Weber: See: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia....
Syndrome, respiratory distress (RDS)
Syndrome, respiratory distress (RDS): Formerly known as hyaline membrane disease, a syndrome of respiratory difficulty in newborn infants caused by a deficiency of a molecule called surfactant.
RDS almost always occurs in newborns born before 37 weeks of gestation. The more premature the baby is, t...