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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «S»:

  1. Syndrome, Horner Syndrome, Horner
    Syndrome, Horner: A complex of abnormal findings, namely sinking in of one eyeball, ipsilateral ptosis (drooping of the upper eyelid on the same side) and miosis (constriction of the pupil of that eye) together with anhidrosis (lack of sweating) and flushing of the affected side of the face. Due to ...
  2. Syndrome, Hurler Syndrome, Hurler
    Syndrome, Hurler: An inherited error of metabolism in which there is deficiency of the enzyme alpha-L-iduronidase which normally breaks down molecules called mucopolysaccharides. Without the activity of this enzyme, there is an abnormal accumulation of mucopolysaccharides in the tissues of the body....
  3. Syndrome, hypoplastic left heart Syndrome, hypoplastic left heart
    Syndrome, hypoplastic left heart: A form of congenital heart disease in which the whole left half of the heart (including the aorta , aortic valve, left ventricle and mitral valve) is underdeveloped (hypoplastic). Blood returning from the lungs has to flow through an opening in the wall between ...
  4. Syndrome, ichthyosis-keratitis-deafness Syndrome, ichthyosis-keratitis-deafness
    Syndrome, ichthyosis-keratitis-deafness: See Keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness syndrome....
  5. Syndrome, incontinentia pigmenti Syndrome, incontinentia pigmenti
    Syndrome, incontinentia pigmenti: A genetic disease that begins soon after birth with the development of blisters on the trunk and limbs. These blisters then heal, but leave dark hyperpigmented streaks and marble-like whorls on the skin. Other key features include dental and nail abnormalities, bald...
  6. Syndrome, irritable bowel (IBS) Syndrome, irritable bowel (IBS)
    Syndrome, irritable bowel (IBS): A common gastrointestinal disorder (also called spastic colitis, mucus colitis or nervous colon syndrome), IBS is an abnormal condition of gut contractions (motility) characterized by abdominal pain, bloating, mucous in stools, and irregular bowel habits with al...
  7. Syndrome, Jadassohn-Lewandowski Syndrome, Jadassohn-Lewandowski
    Syndrome, Jadassohn-Lewandowski: This is a type of what is called pachyonychia congenita (elephant nails from birth). The characteristic features include: Abnormally thick curved nails (onychogryposis) Thickening of the skin (hyperkeratosis) of the palms, soles, knees and elbows White plaques (leu...
  8. Syndrome, Johnson-Stevens Syndrome, Johnson-Stevens
    Syndrome, Johnson-Stevens: See: Stevens-Johnson syndrome. ...
  9. Syndrome, joint hypermobility Syndrome, joint hypermobility
    Syndrome, joint hypermobility: See Syndrome, hypermobility....
  10. Syndrome, Kanner Syndrome, Kanner
    Syndrome, Kanner: (Also called autism). A spectrum of neuropsychiatric disorders characterized by deficits in social interaction and communication, and unusual and repetitive behavior. Some, but not all, people with autism are non-verbal. Autism is normally diagnosed before age six and may be diag...
  11. Syndrome, Kartagener's Syndrome, Kartagener's
    Syndrome, Kartagener's : The trio of sinusitis, bronchitis and situs inversus (lateral reversal of the position all organs in the chest and abdomen with the heart and stomach on the right, the liver on the left, etc.-opposite or "inverted" from their usual position)....
  12. Syndrome, Kawasaki Syndrome, Kawasaki
    Syndrome, Kawasaki: A syndrome of unknown origin, mainly affecting young children, that causes fever, reddening of the eyes (conjunctivitis), lips and mucous membranes of the mouth, ulcerative gum disease (gingivitis), swollen glands in the neck (cervical lymphadenopathy), and a rash that is ra...
  13. Syndrome, keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness Syndrome, keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness
    Syndrome, keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness: See Keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness syndrome....
  14. Syndrome, KID Syndrome, KID
    Syndrome, KID: Acronym for the Keratitis- Ichthyosis-Deafness syndrome, a genetic disorder. See Keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness syndrome....
  15. Syndrome, Kimmelstiel-Wilson Syndrome, Kimmelstiel-Wilson
    Syndrome, Kimmelstiel-Wilson: Diabetic nephropathy (kidney disease). Kimmelstiel-Wilson syndrome is a kidney condition associated with long-standing diabetes. It affects the network of tiny blood vessels (the microvasculature) in the glomerulus, a key structure in the kidney that is composed of ...