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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «S»:

  1. Syndrome, Duane Syndrome, Duane
    Syndrome, Duane: See: Duane syndrome....
  2. Syndrome, dumping Syndrome, dumping
    Syndrome, dumping: A group of symptoms that occur when food or liquid enters the small intestine too rapidly. These symptoms include cramps, nausea, diarrhea, and dizziness....
  3. Syndrome, dyskeratosis congenita Syndrome, dyskeratosis congenita
    Syndrome, dyskeratosis congenita: An inherited cause of bone-marrow failure, dyskeratosis congenita is a syndrome characterized by abnormal excess skin pigmentation, abnormal or absent nails, and mucosal leukoplakia (white premalignant areas on the lips and conjunctiva of the eyes and in the mouth,...
  4. Syndrome, Eagle Syndrome, Eagle
    Syndrome, Eagle: Inflammation of the styloid process, a spike-like projection sticking off the base of the skull. The tissues in the throat rub on this structure during the act of swallowing causing pain. The diagnosis of Eagle syndrome is made by history and an x-ray showing the abnormal styloid ...
  5. Syndrome, economy class Syndrome, economy class
    Syndrome, economy class: The formation of blood clots in veins deep within the legs -- deep vein thrombosis -- occurring during (or just after) a long airplane flight, especially in economy class (tourist class) where there is the least space allotted per passenger and ones legs tend especially to b...
  6. Syndrome, Edwards Syndrome, Edwards
    Syndrome, Edwards: This is trisomy 18 syndrome. There are three instead of the normal two chromosomes #18. Children with this condition have multiple malformations and mental retardation due to the extra chromosome #18. The children characteristically have low birth weight, small head (microcephaly)...
  7. Syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos
    Syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos: See: Ehlers-Danlos syndrome....
  8. Syndrome, Fahr Syndrome, Fahr
    Syndrome, Fahr: This syndrome described in 1930 by T. Fahr is a genetic (inherited) neurological disorder characterized by abnormal deposits of calcium in certain of areas of the brain (including the basal ganglia and the cerebral cortex). Symptoms may include motor function deterioration, dementia...
  9. Syndrome, fetal alcohol (FAS) Syndrome, fetal alcohol (FAS)
    Syndrome, fetal alcohol (FAS): The sum total of a person's problems caused by maternal alcohol intake during pregnancy....
  10. Syndrome, fish-odor Syndrome, fish-odor
    Syndrome, fish-odor: An inborn error of metabolism associated with an offensive body odor, the smell of rotting fish, due to the excessive excretion of trimethylaminuria (TMA) in urine, sweat, and breath. Persons with TMA may experience tachycardia (fast heart rate) and severe hypertension (high blo...
  11. Syndrome, floppy baby Syndrome, floppy baby
    Syndrome, floppy baby: A general medical reference to an abnormal condition of newborns and infants manifested by inadequate tone of the muscles. It can be due to a multitude of different neurologic and muscle problems. See also Hypotonia. ...
  12. Syndrome, fragile  X Syndrome, fragile X
    Syndrome, fragile X: The most common heritable form of mental retardation, occurring in about one in two thousand males and a smaller percentage of females. Characteristics of Fragile X syndrome in boys include prominent or long ears, a long face, delayed speech, large testes (macroorchidism), ...
  13. Syndrome, Frey Syndrome, Frey
    Syndrome, Frey: Sweating on one side of the forehead, face, scalp, and neck occurring soon after ingesting food as a result of damage to a nerve that goes to the large saliva gland in the cheek (the parotid gland). Frey syndrome is the most common cause of sweating after eating (gustatory swea...
  14. Syndrome, Gareis-Mason Syndrome, Gareis-Mason
    Syndrome, Gareis-Mason: See Syndrome, MASA....
  15. Syndrome, Gelineau Syndrome, Gelineau
    Syndrome, Gelineau: A neurological disorder marked by a sudden recurrent uncontrollable compulsion to sleep. Named for a French neurologist, JBE Gelineau (1859-1906). Also known as narcolepsy. The disorder is often associated with cataplexy (a sudden loss of muscle tone and paralysis of voluntary mu...