Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «S»:
Syndrome, Duane: See: Duane syndrome....
Syndrome, dumping: A group of symptoms that occur when
food or liquid enters the small intestine too rapidly. These symptoms include cramps,
nausea, diarrhea, and dizziness....
Syndrome, dyskeratosis congenita
Syndrome, dyskeratosis congenita: An inherited cause of bone-marrow failure, dyskeratosis congenita is a syndrome characterized by abnormal excess skin pigmentation, abnormal or absent nails, and mucosal leukoplakia (white premalignant areas on the lips and conjunctiva of the eyes and in the mouth,...
Syndrome, Eagle: Inflammation of the
styloid process, a spike-like projection sticking off the base of the skull. The tissues in the throat rub on this structure during the act of swallowing causing pain. The diagnosis of Eagle syndrome is made by history and an x-ray showing the abnormal styloid ...
Syndrome, economy class
Syndrome, economy class: The formation of blood clots in veins deep within the legs -- deep vein thrombosis -- occurring during (or just after) a long airplane flight, especially in economy class (tourist class) where there is the least space allotted per passenger and ones legs tend especially to b...
Syndrome, Edwards: This is trisomy 18 syndrome. There
are three instead of the normal two chromosomes #18. Children with this condition have
multiple malformations and mental retardation due to the extra chromosome #18. The
children characteristically have low birth weight, small head (microcephaly)...
Syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos: See: Ehlers-Danlos syndrome....
Syndrome, Fahr: This syndrome described in 1930 by T. Fahr is a genetic (inherited) neurological disorder characterized by abnormal deposits of calcium in certain of areas of the brain (including the basal ganglia and the cerebral cortex).
Symptoms may include motor function deterioration, dementia...
Syndrome, fetal alcohol (FAS)
Syndrome, fetal alcohol (FAS): The sum total of a
person's problems caused by maternal alcohol intake during pregnancy....
Syndrome, fish-odor: An inborn error of metabolism
associated with an offensive body odor, the smell of rotting fish, due to the excessive
excretion of trimethylaminuria (TMA) in urine, sweat, and breath. Persons with TMA may
experience tachycardia (fast heart rate) and severe hypertension (high blo...
Syndrome, floppy baby
Syndrome, floppy baby: A general medical reference
to an abnormal condition of newborns and infants manifested by
inadequate tone of the muscles. It can be due to a multitude of
different neurologic and muscle problems. See also Hypotonia.
Syndrome, fragile X
Syndrome, fragile X: The most common heritable form
of mental retardation,
occurring in about one in two thousand males and a smaller percentage of
females. Characteristics of Fragile X syndrome in boys include prominent or long
ears, a long face, delayed speech, large testes (macroorchidism), ...
Syndrome, Frey: Sweating on one side of the forehead, face,
scalp, and neck occurring soon after ingesting food as a result of
damage to a nerve that goes to the large saliva gland in the cheek
(the parotid gland).
Frey syndrome is the most common cause of sweating after eating
Syndrome, Gareis-Mason: See Syndrome, MASA....
Syndrome, Gelineau: A neurological disorder marked by a sudden recurrent uncontrollable compulsion to sleep. Named for a French neurologist, JBE Gelineau (1859-1906). Also known as narcolepsy.
The disorder is often associated with cataplexy (a sudden loss of muscle tone and paralysis of voluntary mu...