Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «S»:
Syndrome, antiphospholipid antibody
Syndrome, antiphospholipid antibody: An immune
disorder characterized by the presence of abnormal antibodies in the
blood associated with abnormal blood clotting, migraine headaches,
recurrent pregnancy losses (repeat spontaneous abortions), and low
blood platelet counts (thrombocytopenia).
Syndrome, aortic arch
Syndrome, aortic arch: See: Aortic arch syndrome....
Syndrome, Apert (acrocephalosyndactyly)
(acrocephalosyndactyly): An inherited disorder with
abnormalities of the skull and face and the hands and feet.
There is premature closure of the sutures
of the skull (craniosynostosis). This results in an abnormal
head shape, which is unusually tall but short from front
Syndrome, Asperger: See: Asperger syndrome....
Syndrome, atypical measles (AMS)
Syndrome, atypical measles (AMS): An altered
expression of measles, AMS begins
suddenly with high fever, headache, cough, and abdominal
pain. The rash may appear 1 to 2 days later, often
beginning on the limbs. Swelling (edema) of the hands and
feet may occur. Pneumonia is common and may pers...
Syndrome, autoimmune polyendocrinopathy
Syndrome, autoimmune polyendocrinopathy: A genetic autoimmune disease with an extraordinary array of clinical features but characterized most often by at least 2 of the following 3 findings: hypoparathyroidism -- underfunction of the parathyroid glands which control calcium,
candidiasis (yeast infe...
Syndrome, autoimmune polyglandular (APS)
Syndrome, autoimmune polyglandular (APS): A genetic autoimmune disease with an extraordinary array of clinical features but characterized most often by at least 2 of the following 3 findings: hypoparathyroidism -- underfunction of the parathyroid glands which control calcium,
candidiasis (yeast inf...
Syndrome, Barlow: Barlow syndrome is
mitral valve prolapse (also known as "click murmur
syndrome"), the most common
heart valve abnormality, affecting 5-10% of the world population.
Most patients have no
symptoms and require no treatment. However, the condition can be
associated with f...
Syndrome, battered child
Syndrome, battered child: A disease in which children are physically abused. The battered child syndrome is a form of child abuse.
Not until the 19th century were children granted the same legal status as domesticated animals in regard to protection against cruelty and/or neglect. In 1962 the term ...
Syndrome, Behcet's: See: Behcet's syndrome....
Syndrome, Bernard: A complex of abnormal findings,
namely sinking in of one eyeball, ipsilateral ptosis (drooping of the upper eyelid on the
same side) and miosis (constriction of the pupil of that eye) together with anhidrosis
(lack of sweating) and flushing of the affected side of the face. Due to...
Syndrome, Bernard-Soulier (giant platelet syndrome):This is a primary problem of platelets in which the platelets lack the ability to stick adequately to injured
blood vessel walls. As a result of this problem there is abnormal
Bernard-Soulier syndrome usually presents in the newborn...
Syndrome, Bloch-Sulzberger: Also known as incontinentia
pigmenti (IP). A genetic disease with blisters that develop soon after birth on the trunk
and limbs, then heal, but leave dark (hyperpigmented) streaks and marble-like whorls on
the skin. (The name came from the erroneous idea that the skin cel...
Syndrome, Boerhaave's: Spontaneous tearing and rupture of the esophagus. Typically, Boerhaave's syndrome requires an operation for repair....
Syndrome, Brachmann-de Lange
Syndrome, Brachmann-de Lange: See: de Lange syndrome....