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Drugs and diseases reference index

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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «S»:

  1. Surgery, anti-reflux (fundoplication) Surgery, anti-reflux (fundoplication)
    Surgery, anti-reflux (fundoplication): A surgical technique that strengthens the barrier to acid reflux when the lower esophageal sphincter does not work normally and there is gastro-esophageal reflux. Fundoplication has been the standard surgical method for treating gastro-esophageal reflux disease...
  2. Surgery, cataract Surgery, cataract
    Surgery, cataract: See: Cataract surgery....
  3. Surgery, elective Surgery, elective
    Surgery, elective: Surgery that is subject to choice (election). The choice may be made by the patient or doctor. For example, the time when a surgical procedure is performed may be elective. The procedure is beneficial to the patient but does not need be done at a particular time. As opposed to ur...
  4. Surgery, fetal Surgery, fetal
    Surgery, fetal: The surgical treatment of the fetus before birth. Also called prenatal or antenatal surgery. Fetal surgery is done when the fetus is not expected to live long enough to make it through to delivery or to live long after birth unless fetal surgery is performed. For instance, if a fetu...
  5. Surgery, GERD (fundoplication) Surgery, GERD (fundoplication)
    Surgery, GERD (fundoplication): A surgical technique that strengthens the barrier to acid reflux when the lower esophageal sphincter does not work normally and there is gastro-esophageal reflux. Fundoplication has been the standard surgical method for treating gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD)...
  6. Surgery, off-pump Surgery, off-pump
    Surgery, off-pump: See: Off-pump surgery....
  7. Surgery, plastic Surgery, plastic
    Surgery, plastic: The field of surgery concerned with reducing scarring or disfigurement that may occur as a result of accidents, birth defects, or treatment for diseases, such as melanoma. Many plastic surgeons also perform cosmetic surgery that is unrelated to medical conditions, such as rhinopl...
  8. Surgery, reflux (fundoplication) Surgery, reflux (fundoplication)
    Surgery, reflux (fundoplication): A surgical technique that strengthens the barrier to acid reflux when the lower esophageal sphincter does not work normally and there is gastro-esophageal reflux. Fundoplication has been the standard surgical method for treating gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GER...
  9. Surgery, retrograde intrarenal (RIRS) Surgery, retrograde intrarenal (RIRS)
    Surgery, retrograde intrarenal (RIRS): Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) is a procedure for doing surgery within the kidney using a viewing tube called a fiberoptic endoscope. In RIRS the scope is placed through the urethra (the urinary opening) into the bladder and then through the ureter into ...
  10. Surgery, stereotactic Surgery, stereotactic
    Surgery, stereotactic: Surgery in which a system of three- dimensional coordinates is used to locate the site to be operated on. Stereotactic surgery is used in neurosurgery (and neurological research) for locating points within the brain. This is usually done by using an external, three-dimensional...
  11. Surgery, video-assisted Surgery, video-assisted
    Surgery, video-assisted: Surgery that is aided by the use of a video camera that projects and enlarges the image on a television screen. Also called video-assisted resection....
  12. Surgery, YAG laser Surgery, YAG laser
    Surgery, YAG laser: The use of a YAG (yttrium-aluminum-garnet) laser to do surgery. One use for a YAG laser in surgery is to punch a hole in the iris to relieve increased pressure within the eye from acute angle-closure glaucoma. In this type of glaucoma, there is a sudden (acute) increase in pres...
  13. Surgical menopause Surgical menopause
    Menopause, surgical: Surgical menopause is, not unexpectedly, menopause induced by surgery. Surgical menopause is a type of induced menopause: menopause due to an unusual event. It is induced when the ovaries are surgically removed (by bilateral oophorectomy). Menopause can also be induced whe...
  14. Surgicenter Surgicenter
    Surgicenter: A facility for minor surgery done on an outpatient basis; a facility designed to serve patients who need surgical treatment exceeding the capabilities of the usual physician's office yet not of such proportions as to require hospitalization. An abbreviation of "surgical center."...
  15. Surrogacy Surrogacy
    Surrogacy: A method of reproduction in which a woman agrees to become pregnant, using her own eggs, and carry a child for another individual or couple. In some situations and locations a surrogate mother may be paid for her services. The term is sometimes used to refer to a woman who agrees to ca...