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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «S»:

  1. Snake stick Snake stick
    Snake stick: A stick or rod with a snake curled around it is the staff (the rod) of Aesculapius (also called Asklepios), the ancient mythical god of medicine. His Greek name was Asklepios and his Roman name Aesculapius. In reality, Asklepios may have once lived and been renowned for his gentle, ...
  2. SNCA SNCA
    SNCA: The gene for alpha-synuclein....
  3. Sneeze Sneeze
    Sneeze: 1. As a verb, to suddenly expel air through the nose and mouth by an involuntary contraction of the muscles of expiration. 2. As a noun, the act of sneezing. Sneezing is commonly caused by irritation of the nasal passages, as from pollens, house dust, pepper, or other particles. The sound o...
  4. Snellen's chart Snellen's chart
    Snellen's chart: The familiar eye chart used to measure how well you see at various distances. Snellen's chart is imprinted with block letters that line-by-line decrease in size, corresponding to the distance at which that line of letters is normally visible. The letters on Snellen's chart are, n...
  5. Snellen's test type Snellen's test type
    Snellen's test type: The letters on the familiar eye chart used to measure how well you see at various distances. The eye chart, known as Snellen's chart, is imprinted with block letters that line-by-line decrease in size, corresponding to the distance at which that line of letters is normally vis...
  6. Snip Snip
    Snip: A single base change, a change in which a single base in the DNA differs from the usual base at that position. "Snips" are also termed SNPs. Millions of SNP's have been cataloged in the human genome. Some SNPs such that which causes sickle cell are responsible for disease. Other SNPs are norm...
  7. Snoreplasty, injection Snoreplasty, injection
    Snoreplasty, injection: An injection of a chemical called sodium tetradecyl sulfate that promotes stiffening of the soft palate by creating scar tissue in order to relieve snoring. The soft palate is the area above your throat in the back of your mouth. Snoring is typically caused by the fluttering ...
  8. Snoring Snoring
    Snoring: A rough rattling noise made on inspiration during sleep by vibration of the soft palate (the back of the roof of the mouth) and the uvula (the prominent structure dangling down at the back of the mouth). On inspiration, air on its way to the lungs travels by the tongue, the soft palate, th...
  9. Snort Snort
    Snort: Take in a drug by inhalation. For example, snorting cocaine is inhaling cocaine powder through the nose where it is absorbed through the nasal tissues into the bloodstream....
  10. Snot Snot
    Snot: A popular, perjorative, and somewhat offensive term for nasal mucus (mucus produced in the nose)....
  11. Snowblindness Snowblindness
    Snowblindness: A burn of the cornea (the clear front surface of the eye) by ultraviolet B rays (UVB). Also called radiation keratitis or photokeratitis. The condition typically occurs at high altitudes on highly reflective snow fields or, less often, with a solar eclipse. Artificial sources of UVB ...
  12. Snowmobile safety Snowmobile safety
    Snowmobile safety: Snowmobiles pose a significant risk to children, adolescents and young adults. Head injuries are the leading cause of mortality (death) and serious morbidity (disease). They are due mainly to snowmobilers colliding, falling, or overturning. Children also are injured while being to...
  13. SNP SNP
    SNP: A change in which a single base in the DNA differs from the usual base at that position. These single base changes are called SNPs or "snips." Millions of SNP's have been cataloged in the human genome. Some SNPs such that which causes sickle cell are responsible for disease. Other SNPs are no...
  14. Snuff Snuff
    Snuff: Tobacco in the form of a powder that is inhaled into the nose, not smoked. Snuff and chewing tobacco are the two main forms of smokeless tobacco in use in the United States. Cancers of the oral cavity (i.e., the mouth, lip, and tongue) have been associated with the use of chewing tobacco as ...
  15. Snuffbox, anatomical Snuffbox, anatomical
    Snuffbox, anatomical: A hollow seen on the radial aspect (the thumbside) of the dorsum (the back) of the wrist when the thumb is extended fully. The reason that it is called the anatomical snuffbox is that snuff (powdered tobacco) could be put there and then inhaled....