Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «S»:
Salk Institute: The Salk Institute for Biological Studies , a prominent independent non-profit institution doing basic science research concerned with human health.
The Institute in La Jolla, California was founded in 1960 by Dr. Jonas Salk with the support of the March of Dimes Birth Defects Found...
Salk vaccine: Vaccine against poliomyelitis
named for Dr. Jonas Salk who developed and introduced it in 1955. It
was the first type of polio vaccine to become available. It was made
by cultivating three strains of the virus separately in monkey
tissue. The virus was separated from the tissue, s...
Salmon safety: The safety of eating salmon, especially farm-raised salmon. The levels of more than 50 pollutants, including polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), were determined in some 700 salmon from around the world. The results reported in 2004 indicated that farmed salmon have higher levels of tox...
Salmonella: A group of bacteria
that cause typhoid fever and a number of other illnesses, including
food poisoning, gastroenteritis and enteric fever from contaminated food products.
Named for the American
pathologist Daniel Salmon (1850-1914). See: Salmonellosis. For more information, please ...
Salmonella genome: The entire genetic complement (the DNA) of Salmonella bacteria.
The genomes of two strains of Salmonella bacteria have been sequenced. One strain is responsible for typhoid; the other causes food poisoning. The two strains of Salmonella are called Typhi and Typhimurium. Typhi, the...
Salmonellosis: Infection with bacteria belonging
to the genus Salmonella. Salmonellosis is a common cause of food poisoning as, for example, from raw eggs.
The symptoms of salmonellosis usually begin within 12 to 24 hours of exposure to the bacteria and include stomach cramps, diarrhea, feve...
Salpingo-oophorectomy: Removal of the fallopian tubes and
Salt: In medicine, salt usually refers to sodium chloride, table salt, used for seasoning food, for the preservation of meat, etc. Salt is found in the earth and in sea water and is isolated by evaporation and crystallization from sea water and other water impregnated with particles of salt.
Salter-Harris fracture: A traumatic fracture around or through the growth plate (the epiphyseal plate) of a bone in a child....
Salubrious: Good for the health. Healthy. Promoting health or well-being. Wholesome. For example, smog is far from salubrious.
From the Latin salubris, from salus (health), ultimately from Indo-European root sol- (whole), the source also of the word salutary to which salubrious is closely related i...
Salutary: Healthful. Promoting health or well-being; wholesome. From the French salutaire, from the Latin salutaris, from salus (health), ultimately from Indo-European root sol- (whole), the source also of the word salubrious....
Salvage chemotherapy: Chemotherapy given after recurrence of a tumor. See: Salvage therapy....
Salvage radiotherapy: Radiation treatment given after recurrence of a tumor. See: Salvage therapy....
Salvage therapy: 1. A final treatment for people who are nonresponsive to or cannot tolerate other available therapies for a particular condition and whose prognosis is often poor.
2. In oncology, a treatment given after a tumor has not responded to other treatments, or any treatment given after rec...
Samaritan: See Good Samaritan....