Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «S»:
Skin calipers: A simple method for determining the lean body mass. This method involves measuring the skinfold thickness of the layer of fat just under the skin in several parts of the body with calipers. The results are then calculated and the percentage of body fat is determined. Skin calipers can...
Skin color: The color of skin which is complexly determined. Skin color depends on many factors including reddening caused by inflammation, the hemoglobin level in the blood, and the darkening caused by increased deposition of the pigment melanin. Melanin itself is a polymer that comes in two types ...
Skin Diseases, National Institute of...
Skin Diseases, National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and (NIAMS): One of the
National Institutes of Health in the U.S. As its somewhat cumbersome name indicates, NIAMS's mission is a broad and important one, namely to "conduct and support a broad spectrum of research on
Skin erosion: Skin erosion is a loss of some or all of the epidermis (the outer layer) leaving a denuded surface.
Erosion is an eating away of a surface. The word "erosion" comes from the Latin "erodere" meaning to eat out....
Skin graft: Skin that is used to cover an area where
the patient's skin has been lost due to a burn, injury, or surgery.
The most effective skin grafts involve moving the patient's own skin
from one part of the body to another. The second most effective type
are skin grafts between identical twi...
Skin graft, allogeneic
Skin graft, allogeneic: A skin graft transplanted between
people who are not genetically identical. Also called an
An allogeneic skin graft can also be between two mice, between two
rabbits, or between any individuals belonging to any single species,
as long as they are not genetica...
Skin graft, autogenic
Skin graft, autogenic: A graft using the
patient's own skin. Also known as an autologous graft.
Skin graft, composite
Skin graft, composite: A graft technique in which
both the patient's own skin and donor skin are used
Skin graft, full-thickness
Skin graft, full-thickness: A graft technique in
which sheets of skin containing both the epidermis and the
dermis are used....
Skin graft, mesh
Skin graft, mesh: A graft technique in which multiple
pieces of skin are carefully arranged to cover an area.
This technique is used most frequently when a large area
Skin graft, pedicle
Skin graft, pedicle: A graft technique in which a
piece of skin from a nearby area remains attached at one of
its corners, while the main part of the piece is reattached
over the area in need of coverage.
Skin graft, pinch
Skin graft, pinch: A graft technique in which
very small squares of skin are attached to the area needing
coverage, in hopes that they will start to grow and cover
Skin graft, porcine
Skin graft, porcine: A skin graft in which pig
skin is used. Like grafts from human donors, porcine grafts
are usually just a short-term protective measure.
Skin graft, split-thickness
Skin graft, split-thickness: A graft technique
in which sheets of skin containing the epidermis and part
of the dermis are used....
Skin plaque: A plaque is a broad, raised area on the skin. Because it is raised, it can be felt (palpated). By definition, a skin plaque has a greater surface than its elevation above the skin surface: it is broader than it is high....