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Drugs and diseases reference index

Drugs and diseases reference index
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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «S»:

  1. Short-term memory Short-term memory
    Short-term memory: A system for temporarily storing and managing information required to carry out complex cognitive tasks such as learning, reasoning, and comprehension. Short-term memory is involved in the selection, initiation, and termination of information-processing functions such as encoding...
  2. Shortness of breath Shortness of breath
    Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness of breath can be caused by respiratory (breathing passages and lungs) or circulatory (heart and blood vessels) conditions. See also dyspnea....
  3. Shot, flu Shot, flu
    Shot, flu: The flu (influenza) vaccine is recommended annually (each year) for persons at high risk for serious complications from influenza virus infection. Those include: Everyone age 65 or more; People with chronic diseases of the heart; People with chronic diseases of the lung; People with c...
  4. Shotgun sequencing Shotgun sequencing
    Shotgun sequencing: An approach used to decode a genome by shredding ("shotgunning") it into smaller fragments of DNA which can then be individually sequenced. The sequences of these fragments are then ordered, based on overlaps in the genetic code, and finally reassembled into the complete sequence...
  5. Shots, allergy Shots, allergy
    Shots, allergy: Known medically as allergy desensitization or allergy immunotherapy, the injections are designed to stimulate the immune system with gradually increasing doses of the substances to which a person is allergic, the aim being to modify or stop the allergy "war" (by reducing i...
  6. Shotty Shotty
    Shotty: Resembling shot or pellets of lead, shotgun pellets and, hence, hard and round. The term "shotty" was in use in the 19th century. It is now generally obsolete but it is still in medicinal usage. Shotty is very commonly used in describing the feel of lymph nodes (the lymph glands) when ...
  7. Shoulder Shoulder
    Shoulder: A structure made up of two main bones: the scapula (shoulder blade) and the humerus (the long bone of the upper arm). The end of the scapula, called the glenoid, is a socket into which the head of the humerus fits, forming a flexible ball-and-socket joint. The scapula is an unusually shape...
  8. Shoulder blade Shoulder blade
    Shoulder blade: The familiar flat triangular bone at the back of the shoulder. Known familiarly as the wingbone or, medically, as the scapula. The word "scapula" (with the accent on the first syllable) is Latin. The Romans always employed the plural "scapulae", the shoulder blades. Because the shou...
  9. Shoulder bursitis Shoulder bursitis
    Shoulder bursitis: Inflammation of one or both of the two major bursae (fluid-filled sacs) in the shoulder. Treatment typically includes rest, ice, and medications for inflammation and pain. Bursitis from infection is treated with antibiotics, aspiration, and possibly surgery....
  10. Shoulder dislocation Shoulder dislocation
    Shoulder dislocation: See: Dislocated shoulder...
  11. Shoulder dystocia Shoulder dystocia
    Shoulder dystocia: Halt to spontaneous delivery because the baby's shoulder is wedged behind the mother's pubis, due usually to the baby being too big to fit through the birth canal. Dystocia means difficult delivery....
  12. Shoulder joint Shoulder joint
    Shoulder joint: The flexible ball-and-socket joint formed by the junction of the humerus and the scapula. This joint is cushioned by cartilage that covers the face of the glenoid socket and head of the humerus. The joint is stabilized by a ring of fibrous cartilage (the labrum) around the gleno...
  13. Shoulder pain Shoulder pain
    Shoulder pain: Pain in the shoulder due to an injury or disease. The design of the shoulder joint is such that it sacrifices stability for mobility. As an extremely mobile joint that plays a central role in the action of a major extremity (the arm), the shoulder is at high risk for injury. An injury...
  14. Shoulder, frozen Shoulder, frozen
    Shoulder, frozen: See: Frozen shoulder....
  15. Show Show
    Show: As a noun: 1. An appearance. 2. Short for bloody show....