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Drugs and diseases reference index

Drugs and diseases reference index
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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «S»:

  1. Shield, nipple Shield, nipple
    Shield, nipple: See: Nipple shield....
  2. Shigella Shigella
    Shigella: A group of bacteria that normally inhabit the intestinal tract and cause infantile gastroenteritis, summer diarrhea of childhood and various forms of dysentery including epidemic and opportunistic bacillary dysentery. Named for the Japanese bacteriologist Kiyoshi Shiga (1870-1957)...
  3. Shigellosis Shigellosis
    Shigellosis: Epidemic and opportunistic bacillary dysentery due to infection with the Shigella bacteria. Shigellosis causes intestinal pain and diarrhea with mucus and blood in the stool. It is especially common in tropical countries, but frequently occurs elsewhere. It is a particular hazard for...
  4. Shin Shin
    Shin: 1. The tibia, the larger of the two bones in the lower leg. 2. The anterior aspect (front) of the tibia....
  5. Shin bone fever Shin bone fever
    Shin bone fever: Called shin bone fever because it characteristically causes fever and pain in the legs, this disease is also known as trench fever. It is a disease borne by body lice that was first recognized in the trenches of World War I, when it is estimated to have affected more than a mi...
  6. Shin splint Shin splint
    Shin splint: An inflammatory condition of the front part of the tibia (the big bone in the lower leg) that results from overuse as, for example, from running too much on hard roads or sidewalks. Shin splints are due to injury to the tendon (called the posterior peroneal tendon) and adjacent tiss...
  7. Shin spot Shin spot
    Shin spot: A light brown or reddish oval or round scaly patch on the skin of the shin. Shin spots can be due to diabetes. See: Diabetic dermopathy....
  8. Shinbone Shinbone
    Shinbone: The larger of the two bones in the lower leg (the smaller one being the fibula). The shinbone is anatomically known as the tibia. "Tibia" is a Latin word meaning both shinbone and flute. It is thought that "tibia" refers to both the bone and the musical instrument because flutes were once...
  9. Shingle Shingle
    Shingle: In medicine, a small signboard outside the office of a doctor. The term has nothing to do with the disease shingles....
  10. Shingles Shingles
    Shingles: An acute infection caused by the herpes zoster virus, the same virus as causes chickenpox. Shingles is most common after the age of 50 and the risk rises with advancing age. Shingles occurs because of exposure to chickenpox or reactivation of the herpes zoster virus. The virus remains lat...
  11. Shingles pain Shingles pain
    Shingles pain: Localized pain in the area of involvement of shingles. When such pain persists beyond one month it is referred to as postherpetic neuralgia.The most common complication of shingles is postherpetic neuralgia. This occurs when the pain associated with shingles persists beyond one...
  12. Ship fever Ship fever
    Ship fever: An old name for epidemic typhus, which was common in the crowded conditions aboard ship. Ship Fever and Other Stories (1996) by Andrea Barrett received the National Book Award. See: Typhus, epidemic....
  13. Shock Shock
    Shock: In medicine, shock is a critical condition brought on by a sudden drop in blood flow through the body. There is failure of the circulatory system to maintain adequate blood flow. This sharply curtails the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to vital organs. It also compromises the kidney and ...
  14. Shock lung Shock lung
    Shock lung: See: ARDS....
  15. Shock syndrome, dengue Shock syndrome, dengue
    Shock syndrome, dengue: A syndrome due to the dengue virus that tends to affect children under 10, causing abdominal pain, hemorrhage (bleeding) and circulatory collapse (shock). Known also as dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), it starts abruptly with high continuous fever and headache plus re...