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Drugs and diseases reference index

Drugs and diseases reference index
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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «S»:

  1. Sexually transmitted disease Sexually transmitted disease
    Sexually transmitted disease: Any disease transmitted by sexual contact; caused by microorganisms that survive on the skin or mucus membranes of the genital area; or transmitted via semen, vaginal secretions, or blood during intercourse. Because the genital areas provide a moist, warm environmen...
  2. Sexually transmitted disease in men Sexually transmitted disease in men
    Sexually transmitted diseases in men: Men can contract all of the venereal diseases, but may have no symptoms, or have different symptoms than women do. For example, most men who have chlamydia have no symptoms at all, but can easily pass the infection on to their sexual partners. The only su...
  3. Sexually transmitted diseases in women Sexually transmitted diseases in women
    Sexually transmitted diseases in women: Women can contract all of the venereal diseases, but may have no symptoms, or have different symptoms than men do. For example, women infected with gonorrhea may not have any symptoms, but may have a severe pelvic infection later and can pass the disease ...
  4. Sexually transmitted infection Sexually transmitted infection
    Sexually transmitted infection: An infection that can be transferred from one person to another through sexual contact. In this context, sexual contact is more than just sexual intercourse (vaginal and anal) and also includes kissing, oral-genital contact, and the use of sexual "toys," such as vibra...
  5. SGA SGA
    SGA: Small for gestational age. SGA infants weigh 2500 g or less at birth and are considered to have intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), given their gestational age. By contrast, an infant may weighs 2500 g or less simply because of prematurity. ...
  6. SGOT SGOT
    SGOT: Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase, an enzyme that is normally present in liver and heart cells. SGOT is released into blood when the liver or heart is damaged. The blood SGOT levels are thus elevated with liver damage (for example, from viral hepatitis) or with an insult to the ...
  7. SGPT SGPT
    SGPT: Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase, an enzyme that is normally present in liver and heart cells. SGPT is released into blood when the liver or heart are damaged. The blood SGPT levels are thus elevated with liver damage (for example, from viral hepatitis) or with an insult to the hea...
  8. Shaken baby syndrome Shaken baby syndrome
    Shaken baby syndrome: Injuries, particularly to the head, caused by violently shaking an infant. The syndrome is the commonest cause of infant death from head injuries and one of the most serious kinds of child abuse. The syndrome also goes by other names such as shaking impact syndrome. Shaken ba...
  9. Shank Shank
    Shank: 1. In anatomy, the tibia, the larger bone in the lower leg. The term is rarely used in this sense today. 2. In a culinary sense, the foreleg of a four-legged animal as, for example, a lamb shank. The shank is flavorful but tough (due to connective tissue) and therefore needs long slow cooking...
  10. Shark attack Shark attack
    Shark attack: Attack of a person by a shark. Not all shark attacks are feeding events. Sharks sometimes grab people by mistake. Other times an attack may protect a shark's space, much as a dog barks at and bites intruders. To decrease the chance of becoming a victim of a shark attack, observe the fo...
  11. Sharp Sharp
    Sharp: Medical slang for a needle or similar pointed object....
  12. Shell egg Shell egg
    Shell egg: An egg in a shell. See: Raw egg....
  13. Shell shock Shell shock
    Shell shock: The World War I name for what is known today as post-traumatic stress, this is a psychological disorder that develops in some individuals who have had major traumatic experiences (and, for example, have been in a serious accident or through a war). The person is typically numb at first ...
  14. Sherlock, Sheila Sherlock, Sheila
    Sherlock, Sheila: British physician (1918-2001) who pioneered the study of the liver (hepatology). She made liver biopsy a routine clinical tool and, with its help, developed the current classification of chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis. She applied vascular catheterization, imaging, and pressure m...
  15. Shettles method Shettles method
    Shettles method: A set of procedures proposed and popularized for sex selection by the gynecologist Landrum B. Shettles (1909-2003) in his book entitled "Baby's Sex: Now You Can Choose." With his method, Dr. Shettles claimed that couples could increase their odds of having either a boy or a girl by ...