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Drugs and diseases reference index

Drugs and diseases reference index
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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «N»:

  1. NIDCR (National Institute of Dental Research) NIDCR (National Institute of Dental Research)
    NIDCR (National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research): One of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in the U.S., the NIDCR is for dental and other craniofacial diseases. NIDCR's mission is, in formal terms, to "provide leadership for a national research program designed to understan...
  2. NIDDK (Nat'l Institute of Diabetes and Kidney) NIDDK (Nat'l Institute of Diabetes and Kidney)
    NIDDK (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases): One of the National Institutes of Health in the U.S., the NIDDK has a multisystem name and a comparably broad mission, namely, to "conduct and support basic and applied research and provide leadership for a national prog...
  3. Nidus Nidus
    Nidus: The Latin word for "nest", nidus is used in medicine to refer to any structure that resembles a nest in appearance or function. Just as a nest is a repository for the eggs of birds, insects and other animals, a nidus is a breeding place where bacteria, parasites and other agents of a disease...
  4. NIEHS NIEHS
    NIEHS: Stands for National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, one of the National Institutes of Health in the U.S., whose mission is to "reduce the burden of human illness and dysfunction from environmental causes by defining how environmental exposures, genetic susceptibility, and a...
  5. Niemann-Pick disease Niemann-Pick disease
    Niemann-Pick disease: A biochemical disorder affecting a lipid (fat) called sphingomyelin, resulting usually in progressive enlargement of the liver and spleen (hepatosplenomegaly), "swollen glands" (lymphadenopathy), anemia and mental and physical deterioration. Niemann-Pick disease is hereditary a...
  6. Niemann-Pick disease type A Niemann-Pick disease type A
    Niemann-Pick disease type A: The classical infantile form of the disease. See: Niemann-Pick disease....
  7. Niemann-Pick disease type C Niemann-Pick disease type C
    Niemann-Pick disease type C: Abbreviated NPC. A type of Niemann-Pick disease inherited in an autosomal recessive manner, resulting in lipid storage in the brain and body. At the cellular level, the disorder is characterized by the accumulation of cholesterol and glycolipid. Most (about 95%) of NPC p...
  8. Night blindness Night blindness
    Night blindness: Impaired vision in dim light and in the dark, due to impaired function of specific vision cells (namely, the rods) in the retina. The ability of our eyes to quickly view objects as they shift from light to dark areas and the ability to see in dim light or at night is an importa...
  9. Night sweats Night sweats
    Night sweats: Severe hot flashes which occur at night and result in a drenching sweat. Night sweats can have many different causes including medications, infections, and cancers....
  10. NIGMS NIGMS
    NIGMS: Stands for the National Institute of General Medical Sciences, one of the National Institutes of Health in the U.S., whose mission is to "support basic biomedical research that is not targeted to specific diseases or disorders. Among the most significant results of this research has be...
  11. NIH NIH
    NIH: The National Institutes of Health. The NIH is an important U.S. health agency. It is devoted to medical research. Administratively under the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), the NIH consists of 20-some separate Institutes and Centers. NIH's program activities are represented b...
  12. Nijmegen breakage syndrome Nijmegen breakage syndrome
    Nijmegen breakage syndrome: A genetic disease named for the city of Nijmegen (in The Netherlands) with increased chromosome breakage, immunodeficiency and an increased risk of malignancy. Children with the syndrome appear abnormal with stunted growth before and after birth, small head, large ears, ...
  13. Nil disease Nil disease
    Nil disease: A form of kidney disease preferably called minimal change disease. See: Minimal change disease....
  14. NIMH NIMH
    NIMH: Stands for the National Institute of Mental Health, one of the National Institutes of Health in the U.S., whose mission is to "provide national leadership dedicated to understanding, treating, and preventing mental illnesses through basic research on the brain and behavior, and through ...
  15. NINDS NINDS
    NINDS: Stands for the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, one of the National Institutes of Health in the U.S., whose mission is to "support and conduct research and research training on the normal structure and function of the nervous system and on the causes, prevention...