Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «M»:
Multiple system atrophy
Multiple system atrophy: See: Shy-Drager syndrome, which is also known as multiple system atrophy with postural hypotension....
Multiple system failure
Multiple system failure: The failure of two or more systems in the body as, for example, the cardiovascular and renal systems. Multiple system failure is also known as multiple organ failure, as when both the heart and kidney give out. Multiple organ or system failure is often given as the cause of ...
Multisection computed tomography
Multisection computed tomography: See: Multidetector computed tomography....
Multisection CT: See: Multidetector computed tomography....
Multislice computed tomography
Multislice computed tomography: See: Multidetector computed tomography....
Multislice CT: See: Multidetector computed tomography....
Mumps: An acute (sudden, shortlived) viral illness that usually presents with inflammation of the salivary glands, particularly the parotid
glands. A child with mumps often looks like a chipmunk with a full
mouth due to the swelling of the parotids (the salivary glands near the ears).
Mumps can a...
Mumps immunization: The standard MMR vaccine
is given to prevent measles, mumps and rubella (German measles). The MMR
vaccine is now given in
two dosages. The first should be given at 12-15 months of age. The
should be given at 4-6 years. Most children
should receive MMR vaccin...
Mumps in pregnancy
Mumps in pregnancy: Mumps vaccination is not
recommended during or shortly before pregnancy because it is a live
attenuated vaccine, and so carries a risk of causing mumps infection.
When contracted in pregnancy, mumps can cause early miscarriage or
birth defects. The most common birth defect a...
Munchausen syndrome: (This is an alternate entry to Munchhausen syndrome with two h's in Munchhausen. Whole medical reports have been written about the Munchausen syndrome incorrectly written with one h.) Recurrent feigning of
catastrophic illnesses, a psychological disorder that is characterized ...
Munchausen syndrome by proxy
Munchausen syndrome by
proxy: A parenting disorder in which the parent either fabricates an illness
or induces an illness in their child. Munchausen syndrome by proxy (MSBP)
differs from other forms of parenting disorder in that the offending parent is
almost always the mother, she usually appea...
Munchhausen by proxy
Munchhausen by proxy: See: Munchhausen syndrome by proxy....
Munchhausen syndrome: Recurrent feigning of
catastrophic illnesses. Munchhausen syndrome is a psychological disorder that is characterized by the recurrent presentation of the patient for treatment of an acute and often dire illness that is, in reality, not present.
The person with Munchhausen syn...
Murine typhus: An acute infectious disease with fever,
headache, and rash, all quite similar to, but milder than, epidemic typhus, caused by a
related microorganism, Rickettsia typhi (mooseri), transmitted to humans by rat fleas
(Xenopsylla cheopis). The animal reservoir includes rats, mice and othe...
Murmur: A sound due to vibrations from the flow of blood through the heart or great vessels. A murmur may be innocent and be of no significance. Or it may be pathologic and reflect disease. A murmur is usually heard with a stethoscope....