Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «M»:
Molluscicide: Synonymous with molluscacide and at least equally hard to say. See: Molluscacide....
Molluscum contagiosum: A contagious disease of the skin marked by the occurrence of rounded soft tumors of the skin caused by the growth of a virus (one that belongs to the virus family called the Poxviridae).
The disease is characterized by the appearance of a few to numerous small, pearly, umbili...
Momism: 1. Excessive attachment to mom.
2. Conversely, overprotective mothering.
The term momism was coined by the American writer Philip Wylie (1902 - 1971) in his 1942 book A Generation of Vipers....
Monaural: Relating to one ear. Hearing aids may be monaural (for one ear) or binaural (for both ears). From monos, single or alone + the Latin auris, ear = a single ear....
Mongolism: Obsolete name for Down syndrome.
Down syndrome refers to the 19th century English physician J. Langdon Down who described the condition in 1866. In great error, Langdon Down attributed the condition to a "reversion" to the "mongoloid race." He held that evolution had been reversed and t...
Monilia: A yeast-like fungus now called Candida. ...
Moniliasis, oral: Yeast infection of the mouth and throat caused by a fungus formerly called Monilia, now known as Candida albicans. This infection is also known as thrush. Yeast organisms are part of the germs normally found in various parts of the body. They ordinarily do not cause any symptoms.
Monitor, Holter: See: Holter monitor....
Monkeypox: A rare zoonotic (animal-borne) viral disease similar to smallpox. The virus responsible for monkeypox is, in fact, related to that responsible for smallpox. Both belong to the orthopox family of viruses.
Vaccination against smallpox gives protection against monkeypox. Before the eradicat...
Mono: Popular name for infectious mononucleosis.
Infectious Mononucleosis Symptoms and Signs...
Monoamine oxidase inhibitor
Monoamine oxidase inhibitor: One of a potent class of medications used to treat depression. Abbreviated MAOI. ...
Monoarticular: Involving just one joint. As opposed to polyarticular
(affecting many joints). From the Latin "articulus," meaning a joint....
Monochromat: A person with one of the many forms
Monochromatism: 1) Total inability to perceive
color. A person with true monochromatism perceives only
black, white, and shades of gray. It is due to lack of or
damage to the cones of the eye that perceive color, or to
inability of the nerves to translate information received
from the cones. Co...
Monoclonal: Pertaining to a single clone of cells, a single cell and the progeny of that cell. As opposed to polyclonal.
A monoclonal tumor is one that is derived from a single cell and the progeny of that cell. Monoclonal antibodies are produced by a single clone of cells (hybridoma cells) and th...