Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «K»:
Kuru: A slowly progressive fatal disease of the
brain due to an infectious agent transmitted among people in Papua New Guinea by ritual cannibalism.
Kuru is an infectious form of subacute spongiform encephalopathy. It was once thought to be due to a slow virus but is now believed to be caused by a...
Kussmaul breathing: Air hunger. ...
Kveim test: A skin test for detecting sarcoidosis, a disease of unknown origin that causes inflammation of body tissues, especially the lungs and skin.
The Kveim test involves injecting a preparation derived from sarcoid tissue into the skin. A lump developing at the point of injection is a positive...
Kwashiorkor: The word kwashiorkor comes from the Ivory Coast. It
means the deposed (no longer suckled) child. Kwashiorkor is a childhood disease due to
protein deprivation. Early signs are vague: apathy (indifference), lethargy (drowsiness)
and irritability. More advanced signs are poor growth, lack...
Kyphoplasty: A procedure similar to vertebroplasty, but with the intent of expanding the collapsedvertebra. A surgical instrument is introduced into the spine with a balloon that is inflated to expand the bone. Once this instrument is withdrawn, the space created is then filled with the bone cement ...
Kyphoscoliosis: Combination of kyphosis and scoliosis (lateral
curving of the spine). Part of good health maintenance is to check a child's back (from
infancy through adolescence) to make sure the back looks normal and, if concerned, a
doctor is consulted. ...
Kyphosis: Outward curvature of the spine, causing a
Treatment is by physical therapy and wearing a back
brace, and in some cases by surgery. Surgery may include inserting a
metal rod in the spine and restructuring some bones, and is usually
followed by wearing a back cast and then...
Kyphosis, postmenopausal cervical
Kyphosis, postmenopausal cervical: An outward curvature (kyphosis) of the cervical vertebrae (the bones of the neck), creating a hump at the back of the neck.
This condition, once thought to be a characteristic deformity of older women, was called a dowager's hump.
A dowager was a woman of high soc...