Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «J»:
Juvenile diabetes: See Diabetes, type 1....
Juvenile hyaline fibromatosis
Juvenile hyaline fibromatosis: A genetic disorder characterized by multiple subcutaneous nodules and gingival hypertrophy (overgrowth of the gums) beginning in the first few years of life and, later, joint contractures. There are deposits of hyaline (glassy) material in the skin. The disease is inh...
Juvenile intestinal polyposis
Juvenile intestinal polyposis: See: Juvenile polyposis....
Juvenile laryngeal papillomatosis
Juvenile laryngeal papillomatosis: Juvenile laryngeal papillomatosis involves the growth of numerous warty growths on the vocal cords in children and young adults.
A baby can contract juvenile laryngeal papillomatosis by being contaminated with the human papilloma virus (HPV) during birth through t...
Juvenile melanoma: See: Melanoma, juvenile....
Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia
Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia: Abbreviated JMML. A rare cancer of the myeloid cells in the bone marrow, accounting for less than 1% of all childhood leukemia.
JMML is most common in children under four years of age, especially those with genetic disorders called neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) and Noo...
Juvenile polyposis: An autosomal dominant disorder in which polyps develop throughout the gastrointestinal tract in the first decade or two of life. People with the disease are at increased risk for developing gastrointestinal cancers. There can also be diarrhea, GI bleeding, and protein-losing from...
Juvenile polyposis coli
Juvenile polyposis coli: See: Juvenile polyposis....
Juvenile polyposis of stomach
Juvenile polyposis of stomach: See: Juvenile polyposis....
Juvenile polyposis syndrome
Juvenile polyposis syndrome: See: Juvenile polyposis....
Juvenile retinoschisis: A genetic disease of the eye characterized by retinoschisis (splitting of the retina) symmetrically involving the macula, the area of the retina responsible for central vision, with onset in the first decade of life, in some cases as early as three months of age. Eye examinat...
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis: See: Arthritis, systemic-onset juvenile rheumatoid....
Juvenile-onset diabetes: See Diabetes, type 1....
Juxta-: Prefix meaning near, nearby, or close.
Juxtaarticular -- composed of juxta, near + articular, from the Latin "articulus", a joint = near a joint. A juxtaarticular fracture is a break near a joint.
The juxtaglomerular apparatus -- a collective term referring to the cells n...
Juxtaarticular: The prefix "juxta-" comes from the Latin preposition meaning near, nearby, close. Juxtaarticular is composed of juxta, near + articular, from the Latin "articulus", a joint = near a joint.
A juxtaarticular fracture is a break near a joint; juxtaarticular infection is infection nea...