Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «J»:
Jerk, sleep: See: Hypnic jerk....
Jet lag: A temporary disorder that causes
fatigue, insomnia, and other symptoms as a result of rapid
air travel across time zones.
Other symptoms of jet lag include anxiety,
constipation, diarrhea, confusion, dehydration, headache,
irritability, nausea, sweating, coordination problems, and
Jewett staging system
Jewett staging system: A system for determining the stage of a prostate cancer. The system uses ABCD. The letters "A" and "B" designate cancers that are confined to the prostate. The letter "C" applies to cancers that have grown out of the prostate but have not yet metastasized (spread) to lymph nod...
Jewish penicillin: Chicken soup. If not really a form of penicillin," chicken soup may, in fact, have some therapeutic merit.
A study published in the journal Chest demonstrated that chicken soup may contain substances with beneficial activity including an anti-inflammatory effect that could ease t...
Jimmy Fund: A children's cancer fund that has been responsible for highly significant work, especially on chemotherapy, that has reduced the death rate with some childhood cancers — particularly, the most common form of leukemia in children — from 90% to 10%. The Fund was started by Dr. ...
JIP: Juvenile intestinal polyposis. See: Juvenile polyposis....
Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia....
Jock itch: A superficial fungus infection of the crotch and perineum known medically as tinea cruris. Good general hygiene helps prevent it, as does keeping the area clean and dry . Laundering underwear and athletic supporters frequently also helps, as do an antifungal or drying powder after bathing...
Jogger's nails: Very small semi-circular white spots on the nails. These spots may be found on the fingernails and, particularly, the toenails. The white spots on the nails reflect injury to the base (matrix) of the nail. The matrix is the part under the visible nail where the nail cells and the na...
John H. Gibbon, Jr.
John H. Gibbon, Jr.: See: Gibbon, John H., Jr....
John Hughlings Jackson
John Hughlings Jackson: See: Hughlings Jackson, John....
John La Montagne
John La Montagne: See: La Montagne, John....
John W. Kirkland
John W. Kirklin:
See: Kirklin, John W.....
Johnnies: Plural of johnny....
Johnny: A hospital gown. A johnny is a short collarless gown that ties in the back, worn by patients being examined or treated in a doctor's office, clinic, or hospital. Johnnies are generally disliked by patients as skimpy, ugly, ill-fitting garments often leaves one´s backside ignominiously expos...