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Drugs and diseases reference index

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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «I»:

  1. Iron deficiency anemia Iron deficiency anemia
    Iron deficiency anemia: The most common known form of nutritional disorder in the world, iron deficiency results in anemia because iron is necessary to make hemoglobin, key molecule in red blood cells responsible for the transport of oxygen. In iron deficiency anemia, the red cells appear abnorm...
  2. Iron excess Iron excess
    Iron excess: Iron overload can damage the heart, liver, gonads and other organs. Iron overload is a particular risk for: People with certain genetic conditions such as hemochromatosis; and People receiving repeated blood transfusions. According to the National Academy of Sciences, the Recommende...
  3. Iron overload Iron overload
    Iron overload: Iron overload can damage the heart, liver, gonads and other organs. Iron overload is a particular risk for: People with certain genetic conditions such as hemochromatosis; and People receiving repeated blood transfusions. According to the National Academy of Sciences, the Recommende...
  4. Iron poisoning Iron poisoning
    Iron poisoning: Iron supplements meant for adults (such as pregnant women) are a major cause of poisoning in children. Care should be taken to keep iron supplements safely away from children....
  5. Iron supplementation, infant Iron supplementation, infant
    Iron supplementation, infant: Iron is included in most infant formulas. Therefore, there is no evidence that iron supplementation is necessary for healthy formula-fed, full-term infants. In the past it was recommended that infants from birth to 4 months of age could receive a lower quantity of iron ...
  6. Irradiation Irradiation
    Irradiation: The use of high-energy radiation from x-rays, gamma rays, neutrons, and other sources to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. Radiation may come from a machine outside the body (external-beam radiation therapy) or from materials called radioisotopes. Radioisotopes produce radiation and ...
  7. Irradiation, food Irradiation, food
    Irradiation, food: See: Food irradiation....
  8. Irrigate Irrigate
    Irrigate: To wash out as, for example, a wound to clean it. ...
  9. Irrigation of the colon Irrigation of the colon
    Irrigation of the colon: The use of liquid solutions given by enema to remove material from the rectum or colon, ostensibly to eliminate toxins from the bowel. Unless ordered by a physician, this practice is rarely advisable. Irrigation of the colon carries a number of risks, including interfer...
  10. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
    Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS): A common gastrointestinal disorder involving an abnormal condition of gut contractions (motility) characterized by abdominal pain, bloating, mucous in stools, and irregular bowel habits with alternating diarrhea and constipation, symptoms that tend to be chronic an...
  11. Irritant contact dermatitis Irritant contact dermatitis
    Irritant contact dermatitis: A rash brought about by constant irritation from a substance. For example, anyone who washes their hands many times a day can develop "dish pan hands." Another example is in young children who lick their lips repeatedly, resulting in an irritant reaction to saliva....
  12. Irwin DJ Bross Irwin DJ Bross
    Irwin DJ Bross: See: Bross, Irwin DJ....
  13. Ischemia Ischemia
    Ischemia: Inadequate blood supply (circulation) to a local area due to blockage of the blood vessels to the area. ...
  14. Ischial bursitis Ischial bursitis
    Ischial bursitis: Inflammation of the bursa that separates the gluteus maximus muscle of the buttocks from the underlying bony prominence of the bone that we sit on, the ischial tuberosity. Ischial bursitis is a form of bursitis that is usually caused by prolonged sitting on hard surfaces that press...
  15. Ischium Ischium
    Ischium: Bone making up the lower down back part of the pelvis....