Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «I»:
Insomnia, transient: Insomnia that usually lasts less than a week and does not recur. If it recurs from time to time, the insomnia is considered intermittent. If the insomnia affects most nights and lasts a month or more, it is considered chronic insomnia.
Transient insomnia may not require treatmen...
Inspissate: To thicken. Inspissated bile is thickened bile....
Institute of Medicine
Institute of Medicine: One of the National Academies of the United States. The Institute of Medicine conducts policy studies on health issues.
For example, the Institute of Medicine issued reports and recommendations in September, 2001 on stem cell research and on the cancer risk from arsenic in dri...
Institute on Deafness and Communication Disorders
Institute on Deafness and
Other Communication Disorders, National (NIDCD): One
of the US National Institutes of Health.
The mission of the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders is to "conduct and support biomedical research and research training on normal mechanisms...
Institute, National Eye (NEI)
Institute, National Eye (NEI):
One of the US National Institutes of Health, NEI's
mission is to "conduct and support research, training,
health information dissemination, and other programs with
respect to blinding eye diseases, visual disorders,
mechanisms of visual function, preservati...
Institutional Review Board
Institutional Review Board: IRB. A group of scientists, doctors, clergy, and consumers at each health care facility that participates in a clinical trial. IRBs are designed to protect study participants. They review and must approve the action plan for every clinical trial. They check to see that th...
Insufficiency, aortic: See: Aortic insufficiency....
Insufficiency, coronary: See: Coronary insufficiency....
Insufficiency, mitral: See: Mitral insufficiency....
Insufficiency, pancreatic: See: Pancreatic insufficiency....
Insufficiency, pulmonary: See: Pulmonary insufficiency....
Insufficiency, respiratory: See: Respiratory insufficiency....
Insufficiency, small intestine
Insufficiency, small intestine: See: Short bowel syndrome....
Insular sclerosis: See: Multiple sclerosis....
Insulin: A natural hormone made by the pancreas that controls the level of the sugar glucose in the blood. Insulin permits cells to use glucose for energy. Cells cannot utilize glucose without insulin.
Diabetes: The failure to make insulin or to respond to it constitutes diabetes mellitus. Insulin ...