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Drugs and diseases reference index

Drugs and diseases reference index
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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «I»:

  1. Injury, hangman (Hangman's fracture) Injury, hangman (Hangman's fracture)
    Hangman's fracture: A broken neck involving a fracture of an upper cervical vertebra similar to the injury suffered in death by hanging. The fracture always affects the vertebra called the axis -- the second cervical vertebra (C2) -- with or without subluxation (slippage) of C2 on C3. A hangman's fr...
  2. Injury, knee meniscus Injury, knee meniscus
    Injury, knee meniscus: Injury to one of the two crescent-shaped cartilage pads between the two joints formed by the femur (the thigh bone) and the tibia (the shin bone). Each meniscus acts as a smooth surface for the joint to move on. The two menisci are easily injured by the force of rotating the...
  3. Injury, mental child Injury, mental child
    Injury, mental child: Also known as emotional child abuse, this is the third most frequently reported form of child abuse (after child neglect and physical child abuse), accounting 17% of all cases of child abuse. It is likely that emotional child abuse is greatly underreported, since it can be dif...
  4. Injury, mower Injury, mower
    Injury, mower: See: Mower injury....
  5. Injury, needlestick Injury, needlestick
    Injury, needlestick: See: Needlestick injury....
  6. Injury, scooter Injury, scooter
    Injury, scooter: See: Scooter injury....
  7. Inkblot test Inkblot test
    Inkblot test: A test used in clinical psychology and psychiatry involving inkblots. The inkblots are used to determine what a person perceives (reads into) in the enigmatic and highly ambiguous shapes. Ten standardized blots are shown one at a time to a subject and their responses are recorded. The ...
  8. Innate immunity Innate immunity
    Innate immunity: Immunity that is naturally present and is not due to prior sensitization to an antigen from, for example, an infection or vaccination. Since it is not stimulated by specific antigens, innate immunity is generally nonspecific. It is in contrast to acquired immunity. Also called natur...
  9. Inner ear Inner ear
    Inner ear: There are three sections of the ear. They are the external ear, the middle ear, and the inner ear. The inner ear is far and away the most highly complex. The essential component of the inner ear for hearing is the membranous labyrinth where the fibers of the auditory nerve (the nerve ...
  10. Innervate Innervate
    Innervate: To supply with nerves. It is a little known fact that the cornea is the most densely innervated tissue in the body....
  11. Innervation Innervation
    Innervation: The nerve supply, usually to a specific part of the body. The innervation of the cornea is dense....
  12. Inotropic Inotropic
    Inotropic: Affecting the force of muscle contraction. An inotropic heart drug is one that affects the force with which the heart muscle contracts....
  13. Inpatient Inpatient
    Inpatient: A patient whose care requires a stay in a hospital. As opposed to an outpatient. The term inpatient dates back to at least 1760. The case of an inpatient was referred to an incase....
  14. INR INR
    INR: International normalized ratio, a system established by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Committee on Thrombosis and Hemostasis for reporting the results of blood coagulation (clotting) tests. All results are standardized using the international sensitivity index for th...
  15. Insect sting Insect sting
    Insect sting: Stings from large stinging insects such as bees, hornets, yellow jackets and wasps can trigger allergic reactions varying greatly in severity. Avoidance and prompt treatment are essential. In selected cases, allergy injection therapy is highly effective. ...