Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «I»:
Informatics: The application of computers and
statistics to the management of information. For example, in the
Human Genome Project,
informatics has permitted the development and use of methods to
search databases quickly,
analyze DNA sequence information, and predict protein sequence and
Informed consent: A process in which a person learns key facts about a clinical trial, including potential risks and benefits, before deciding whether or not to participate in a study. Informed consent continues throughout the trial....
Infraspinatus muscle: A muscle that assists the lifting of
the arm while turning the arm outward (external rotation).
The tendon of the infraspinatus muscle is one of four tendons that
stabilize the shoulder joint and constitute the rotator cuff. Each of
the four tendons that makes up the rotato...
Infuse: In medicine, to introduce a solution into the body through a vein. An infusion is the therapeutic introduction of a fluid other than blood into a vein. The infused fluid might, for example, be a saline (salt) solution....
Ingelfinger rule: The policy of considering a manuscript for publication only if its substance has not been submitted or reported elsewhere. This policy was promulgated in 1969 by Franz J. Ingelfinger, then the editor of The New England Journal of Medicine. The aim of the Ingelfinger rule was to pro...
Ingrown hair: An embedded (ingrown) hair or tuft of hair. ...
Ingrown toenail: A common disorder that occurs when the edge of the toenail grows into the skin of the toe
particularly on the big (great) toe. The corner of the nail
curves down into the skin, often due to mis-trimming of the
nail, or due to shoes that are too tight. An ingrown
toenail can be p...
Inguinal: Having to do with the groin. ...
Inguinal canal: A passage in the lower anterior abdominal wall
which in the male allows passage of the spermatic cord and in the female contains the
round ligament. Because of the weakness it creates in the abdominal wall, it is the most
frequent site for a hernia. ...
Inguinal orchiectomy: Surgery to remove the
testicle, with the incision made through the
Inhalant: 1. Generally, any breathable chemical vapor. 2. Specifically, a psychoactive substance whose volatile vapors are subject to abuse such as solvents, household and commercial gases, medical anesthetic gases, and nitrites (for example, in antifreeze). See also: Abused inhalant....
Inhaler, metered-dose: See: Metered-dose inhaler....
Inheritance: Not something that is contained in a will, but rather a gene, chromosome or genome that is transmitted from parent to child.
The pattern of inheritance is the manner in which a gene is transmitted. For example, the pattern of inheritance may be as an autosomal dominant trait that is tr...
Inheritance, holandric: Inheritance of genes on the Y chromosome. Since only males normally have a Y chromosome, Y-linked genes can only be transmitted from father to son.
It has often been said that little is known about specific genes that might be Y-linked (holandric) in their inheritance. This i...
Inheritance, mendelian: The manner in which genes and traits are passed from parents to their children. The four modes of Mendelian inheritance are autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, X-linked dominant and X-linked recessive.
The term "mendelian" refers to the great Austrian biologist Gregor Me...