Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «I»:
Infection, acute HIV
Infection, acute HIV: The body's initial reaction to infection by the HIV virus. Acute HIV infection is a flu-like syndrome that occurs immediately after a person contracts HIV (the human immunodeficiency virus 1, the agent that causes AIDS). The syndrome is characterized by fever, sore throat, head...
Infection, adenovirus: Infection with one of a group of viruses responsible for a spectrum of respiratory disease as well as infection of the stomach and intestine (gastroenteritis), eyes (conjunctivitis), and bladder (cystitis) and rash. Adenovirus respiratory diseases include a form of the common ...
Infection, breast: See: Breast infection. See also: Mastitis....
Infection, ear (acute middle)
Infection, ear (acute middle): Acute middle ear infection, medically called acute otitis media is inflammation of the middle ear. Acute otitis media typically causes fluid in the middle ear accompanied by signs or symptoms of ear infection: a bulging eardrum usually accompanied by pain; or a perfo...
Infection, group B strep
Infection, group B strep: Group B strep are a major cause of infections involving the pregnant woman and her newborn infant, causing maternal infections of the uterus, placenta, and urinary tract and infections in the infant that can be localized or involving the infant's entire body.
(Group B strep...
Infection, hospital-acquired: An infection caught while hospitalized. The medical term for a hospital-acquired infection is "nosocomial." Most nosocomial infections are due to bacteria. Since antibiotics are frequently used within hospitals, the types of bacteria and their resistance to antibiotics ...
Infection, Leishmania: See: Leishmania infection....
Infection, meningococcal: See: Meningococcal infection....
Infection, middle ear
Infection, middle ear: Acute middle ear infection, medically called acute otitis media is inflammation of the middle ear. Acute otitis media typically causes fluid in the middle ear accompanied by signs or symptoms of ear infection: a bulging eardrum usually accompanied by pain; or a perforated ea...
Infection, Neisseria: See: Meningococcal infection....
Infection, nosocomial: An infection
acquired in a hospital. Specifically an infection that was not present or incubating prior to the patient being admitted to the hospital, but occurred within 72 hours after admittance to the hospital.
After antibiotics came into common usage in the second half of ...
Infection, opportunistic: An infection that occurs because
of a weakened immune system. Opportunistic infections are a
particular danger for people with AIDS. The HIV virus itself does not
cause death, but the opportunistic infections that occur because of
its effect on the immune system can. Se...
Infection, pinworm: An infection caused by a small, white intestinal worm: the pinworm or, more formally, Enterobius vermicularis. The pinworm is about the length of a staple and lives for the most part within the rectum of humans. While an infected person is asleep, female pinworms leave the intest...
Infection, pork tapeworm
Infection, pork tapeworm: Known medically as cysticercosis, an infection caused by Taenia solium (the pork tapeworm). Infection occurs when the tapeworm larvae enter the body and form cysticerci (SIS-tuh-sir-KEY) (cysts). When cysticerci are found in the brain, the condition is called neurocysticerc...
Infection, primary HIV
Infection, primary HIV: The first few months after infection with HIV (the human immunodeficiency virus).
During primary HIV infection, seroconversion occurs -- the appearance of detectable antibodies to HIV in the blood. It normally takes several weeks to several months for antibodies to the virus ...