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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «I»:

  1. Indwelling bladder catheter Indwelling bladder catheter
    Indwelling bladder catheter: See: Catheter, indwelling bladder....
  2. Infant Infant
    Infant: A child up to 2 years (24 months) of age. The word "infant" came from the Latin infans which was derived from in-, not + Fari, to speak = not to speak, speechless. The idea was that, since the ability to speak was thought to arrive at the age of two, younger children were infants. By an od...
  3. Infant carbohydrate intake Infant carbohydrate intake
    Infant carbohydrate intake: Carbohydrates (glucose, lactose, sucrose, galactose, etc.) are sugars or several sugars linked together. Carbohydrates provide energy (calories) for the brain tissues, muscles, and other organs. Lactose is a carbohydrate consisting of glucose linked to galactose. Lactose ...
  4. Infant fat requirements Infant fat requirements
    Infant fat requirements: Fat in human milk provides 30%-35% of the total daily caloric needs for a growing infant. Manufacturers of infant formulas utilize many different vegetable oils for fat including corn, soy, safflower, and coconut oils. Some formulas contain "predigested" fats known as me...
  5. Infant formula Infant formula
    Infant formula: A substitute for breast milk for feeding infants. Pediatricians generally advise exclusively breastfeeding (that is, breastfeeding with no formula) for all full term, healthy infants for the first 6 months of life. However, many infants are formula-fed today, at least in part. For in...
  6. Infant in swaddling Infant in swaddling
    Infant in swaddling: The symbol of pediatrics and child health. Also known as the della Robbia or the bambino. The infant in swaddling was chosen by the Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) as its symbol in the early 1930s and has since become the international symbol of pediatrics. The design was derived f...
  7. Infant iron supplementation Infant iron supplementation
    Infant iron supplementation: Iron is included in most infant formulas. Therefore, there is no evidence that iron supplementation is necessary for healthy formula-fed, full-term infants. In the past it was recommended that infants from birth to 4 months of age could receive a lower quantity of iron c...
  8. Infant mineral requirements Infant mineral requirements
    Infant mineral requirements: Minerals (calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, iodine, copper and zinc) and trace elements (manganese, chromium, selenium, and molybdenum) are included in most infant formulas. Therefore, there is no evidence that mineral supplementation are necessary for healthy form...
  9. Infant mortality rate Infant mortality rate
    Infant mortality rate: The number of children dying under a year of age divided by the number of live births that year. The infant mortality rate is also called the infant death rate. The infant mortality rate is an important measure of the well-being of infants, children, and pregnant women becau...
  10. Infant protein requirements Infant protein requirements
    Infant protein requirements: Proteins contain different amino acids that are linked together. Proteins provide both calories and the amino acid building blocks that are necessary for proper growth. The protein in human milk provides between 10%-15% of an infant's daily caloric need. Casein and whey ...
  11. Infant vitamin requirements Infant vitamin requirements
    Infant vitamin requirements: Vitamins are organic substances that are essential in minute quantities for the proper growth, maintenance, and functioning of the baby. Vitamins must be obtained from food because the body cannot produce them. The exception is vitamin D, which can be produced by the ski...
  12. Infant water requirements Infant water requirements
    Infant water requirements: Water is an important part of a baby's diet because water makes up a large proportion of the baby's body. When properly prepared, all infant formulas are approximately 85% water. Infant formulas are available in three forms: liquid ready-to-use, liquid concentrate, and pow...
  13. Infant, post-term Infant, post-term
    Infant, post-term: An overly mature baby that has not been born until well after the usual term pregnancy. A post-term baby is specifically one born 2 weeks (14 days) or more after the usual 9 months (280 days) of gestation. The gestation (length of the pregnancy) is calculated from the date of the...
  14. Infant, postmature Infant, postmature
    Infant, postmature: A baby born 2 weeks (14 days) or more after the usual 9 months (280 days) of gestation. The gestation (length of the pregnancy) is calculated from the date of the last menstrual period (LMP). This is an important calculation since, if delivery is delayed 3 weeks beyond term, the ...
  15. Infant, small for gestational age Infant, small for gestational age
    Infant, small for gestational age: Small for gestational age (SGA) infants weigh 2500 g or less at birth and are considered to have intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), given their gestational age. By contrast, an infant may weighs 2500 g or less simply because of prematurity....