Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «G»:
Gland, palpebral: See: Meibomian gland....
Gland, pituitary: The main endocrine gland. It is a small structure in the head and is called the master gland because it produces hormones that control other glands and many body functions including growth. The pituitary consists of the anterior and posterior pituitary.
The anterior pituitary is th...
Gland, prostate: A gland within the male reproductive
system that is located just below the bladder. Chestnut shaped, the prostate surrounds the beginning of the urethra, the canal that empties the bladder.
The prostate is actually not one but many glands, 30-50 in number, between which is abundant...
Gland, salivary: One of the glands in the mouth that produce saliva. There are 3 major salivary glands. They are the parotid, submandibular, and sublingual glands. Each of these glands is paired; there is one parotid gland on each side of the head, etc. The parotid glands are located in front of th...
Gland, sublingual: See: Sublingual gland....
Gland, sudoriferous: The sudoriferous (sweat) glands are small
tubular structures situated within and under the skin (in the subcutaneous tissue).
They discharge sweat by tiny openings in the surface of the skin.
The sweat is a transparent colorless acidic fluid with a peculiar odor. It contains s...
Gland, sweat: The sweat (sudoriferous) glands are small tubular structures situated within and under the skin (in the subcutaneous tissue). They discharge sweat by tiny openings in the surface of the skin.
The sweat is a transparent colorless acidic fluid with a peculiar odor. It contains some fatty...
Gland, tarsal: See: Meibomian gland....
Gland, thymus: See: Thymus....
Gland, thyroid: See: Thyroid gland....
Glanders: A bacterial infection that causes a chronic debilitating disease of equids (horses, mules, and donkeys) as well as some members of the cat family and is transmissible to people. The bacterium responsible for glanders is Burkholderia mallei (formerly called Pseudomonas mallei).
Glandular fever: Glandular fever is infectious
mononucleosis. "Mono" and "kissing disease" are popular terms for this
very common illness caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). By the time most people reach
adulthood, an antibody against EBV can be detected in their blood meanin...
Glans: 1) The glans penis, the rounded head of
the penis. 2) The rounded head of the clitoris....
Glans and foreskin, inflammation of the
Glans and foreskin, inflammation of the: In the uncircumcised male, balanitis (inflammation of the glans, the rounded head of the penis) and posthitis (inflammation of the foreskin) usually occur together as balanoposthitis: inflammation of both the glans and foreskin. Circumcision prevents balanopo...
Glans penis, inflammation of the
Glans penis, inflammation of the: Inflammation of the rounded head (the glans) of the penis is called balanitis.
In the uncircumcised male, balanitis and posthitis (inflammation of the foreskin) usually occur together as balanoposthitis: inflammation of both the glans and the foreskin.