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Drugs and diseases reference index

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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «G»:

  1. Gigantism, pituitary Gigantism, pituitary
    Gigantism, pituitary: Excessive growth and height due to chronic overactivity of the pituitary gland (at the base of the brain). (Growth hormone is specifically made by the anterior pituitary gland.) In pituitary gigantism, there is secretion of too much growth hormone before the end of adolescence....
  2. Gilbert syndrome Gilbert syndrome
    Gilbert syndrome: A common, harmless genetic condition in which a liver enzyme essential to the disposal of bilirubin (the chemical that results from the normal breakdown of hemoglobin from red blood cells) is abnormal. The abnormality is caused by a mutation the UDP-glucuronosyltransferase gen...
  3. Ginger Ginger
    Ginger: A perennial tropical herb that has been used as a treatment for nausea and bowel spasms. Ginger may lead to blood thinning. It is therefore best not taken with medications that prevent blood clotting (anticoagulants) such as warfarin (Coumadin)....
  4. Gingiva Gingiva
    Gingiva: The gum....
  5. Gingivitis Gingivitis
    Gingivitis: Gum disease with inflammation of the gums. On inspection, the gums will appear red and puffy, and will usually bleed during tooth-brushing or dental examination. Treatment is by improved cleaning, with more-frequent and longer brushing and flossing, and/or the use of electronic tooth...
  6. Gingivitis, acute membranous Gingivitis, acute membranous
    Gingivitis, acute membranous: This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the gums. Certain germs (including fusiform bacteria and spirochetes) have been thought t...
  7. Gingivitis, acute necrotizing ulcerative (ANUG) Gingivitis, acute necrotizing ulcerative (ANUG)
    Gingivitis, acute necrotizing ulcerative (ANUG): This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the gums. Certain germs (including fusiform bacteria and spirochetes) ...
  8. Gingivitis, fusospirillary Gingivitis, fusospirillary
    Gingivitis, fusospirillary: This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the gums. Certain germs (including fusiform bacteria and spirochetes) have been thought to b...
  9. Gingivitis, fusospirochetal Gingivitis, fusospirochetal
    Gingivitis, fusospirochetal: This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the gums. Certain germs (including fusiform bacteria and spirochetes) have been thought to ...
  10. Gingivitis, necrotizing Gingivitis, necrotizing
    Gingivitis, necrotizing: This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the gums. Certain germs (including fusiform bacteria and spirochetes) have been thought to be i...
  11. Gingivitis, phagedenic Gingivitis, phagedenic
    Gingivitis, phagedenic: This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the gums. Certain germs (including fusiform bacteria and spirochetes) have been thought to be i...
  12. Gingivitis, ulcerative Gingivitis, ulcerative
    Gingivitis, ulcerative: This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the gums. Certain germs (including fusiform bacteria and spirochetes) have been thought to be ...
  13. Gingivitis, Vincent Gingivitis, Vincent
    Gingivitis, Vincent: This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the gums. Certain germs (including fusiform bacteria and spirochetes) have been thought to be in...
  14. Gingko biloba Gingko biloba
    Gingko biloba: An herb that is very popular as a treatment for dementia (a progressive brain dysfunction) and to improve thinking. Gingko can cause mild stomach upset and headache. Gingko seems also to have blood thinning properties. Therefore, it is not recommended to be taken with aspirin, no...
  15. Ginseng Ginseng
    Ginseng: An herb that has been used to stimulate the adrenal gland and thereby increase energy. It also may have some beneficial effect on reducing blood sugar in patients with diabetes mellitus. Ginseng can cause elevation in blood pressure, headache, vomiting, insomnia, and nose bleeding. Gins...