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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «G»:

  1. Genome, mouse Genome, mouse
    Genome, mouse: All of the genetic information contained in the laboratory mouse (Mus musculus). The genomes of particular nonhuman organisms such as the mouse have been studied for a number of reasons including the need to improve sequencing and analysis techniques. These nonhuman genomes also pro...
  2. Genome, Mus musculus Genome, Mus musculus
    Genome, Mus musculus: All of the genetic information contained in Mus musculus, the laboratory mouse. The genomes of particular nonhuman organisms such as the mouse have been studied for a number of reasons including the need to improve sequencing and analysis techniques. These nonhuman genomes al...
  3. Genome, mustard Arabidopsis thaliana Genome, mustard Arabidopsis thaliana
    Genome, mustard Arabidopsis thaliana: See: Arabidopsis thaliana genome....
  4. Genome, plague Genome, plague
    Genome, plague: See: Plague bacterium genome....
  5. Genome, rice Genome, rice
    Genome, rice: The first commercially important plant to have its genome sequenced. This feat, completed early in 2001, is particularly important because rice is a staple food for a large portion of the population of the world. With the rice sequence, genes can be located to improve yields and make r...
  6. Genome, roundworm Genome, roundworm
    Genome, roundworm: See: C. elegans genome....
  7. Genome, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Genome, Saccharomyces cerevisiae
    Genome, Saccharomyces cerevisiae: See: Yeast genome....
  8. Genome, Vibrio cholerae Genome, Vibrio cholerae
    Genome, Vibrio cholerae: The genome of the bacterium that causes cholera. This genome contains over 4 million bases in its DNA including the sequences for nearly 4,000 genes. The Vibrio cholerae genome is remarkable in that it is arranged in two circular chromosomes. The larger of the two chromosome...
  9. Genome, yeast Genome, yeast
    Genome, yeast: See: Yeast genome....
  10. Genome, Yersinia pestis Genome, Yersinia pestis
    Genome, Yersinia pestis: See: Plague bacterium genome....
  11. Genomic Genomic
    Genomic: Pertaining to the genome, all of the genetic information possessed by any organism. There are, for instance, the human genome, the elephant genome, the mouse genome, the yeast genome, etc. Humans and many other higher animals have two genomes, namely: A chromosomal genome which is in the ...
  12. Genomic imprinting Genomic imprinting
    Genomic imprinting: The phenomenon of parent-of-origin gene expression. The expression of a gene depends upon the parent who passed on the gene. For instance, two different disorders - Prader-Willi syndrome and Angelman syndrome -- are due to deletion of the same part of chromosome 15. When the de...
  13. Genomic library Genomic library
    Genomic library: A collection of clones made from a set of randomly generated overlapping DNA fragments representing the entire genome of an organism. As a molecular genetic sequel to John Steinbeck's "Of Mice and Men", today you can have a mouse genomic library or a human genomic library....
  14. Genomic segment Genomic segment
    Genomic segment: A region of the genome; it encompasses objects described as loci or probes. Genomic segments can range in size from points to regions as large as an entire chromosome. There are many types of genomic regions. On a technical level, they include genes, gene elements, amplimers (PCR ma...
  15. Genomics Genomics
    Genomics: The study of genes and their function. Genomics aims to understand the structure of the genome, including the mapping genes and sequencing the DNA. Genomics examines the molecular mechanisms and the interplay of genetic and environmental factors in disease. Genomics includes: Functional g...