Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «F»:
Full gene sequence
Full gene sequence: The complete order of bases in a gene. This order determines which protein a gene will produce....
Functional food: Functional foods are "those foods that
encompass potentially healthful products including any modified food
or ingredient that may provide a health benefit beyond the
traditional nutrients it contains," as defined by the Institute of
Medicine. Functional foods can include foods ...
Functional gene test
Functional gene test: Test for a specific protein which
indicates that the corresponding gene is not only present but active....
Functional genomics: The function of each gene in the genome. Functional genomics is the study of genes, their resulting proteins, and the role played by the proteins the body's biochemical processes. Functional genomics also involves understanding the genetic control mechanisms....
Functional hemispherectomy: A functional hemispherectomy is a
variation of a hemispherectomy, a radical procedure in which one entire
hemisphere, or one half of the brain, is removed. With
a functional hemispherectomy, one hemisphere is disconnected from the rest of
the brain, but only a limited...
Functional magnetic resonance imaging
Functional magnetic resonance imaging: The use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to learn which regions of the brain are active in a specific function, as in speech. Abbreviated fMRI. See also: Magnetic resonance imaging...
Functional scoliosis: A structurally normal spine that appears to have a lateral curve (scoliosis).
Nonstructural scoliosis involves a temporary change of spinal curvature. This is caused by an underlying condition such as a difference in leg length, muscle spasms, or inflammatory conditions, (e.g. ...
Fundoplication (anti-reflux surgery): A surgical technique that strengthens the barrier to acid reflux when the lower esophageal sphincter does not work normally and there is gastro-esophageal reflux.
Fundoplication has been the standard surgical method for treating gastro-esophageal reflux disease ...
Fundus: Latin word for the bottom. In medicine,
fundus refers to
the bottom or base of an organ.
For example, the fundus of the eye (the retina), the
fundus of the uterus, and so on. The fundus of the stomach is
inexplicably the upper
Fundus, retinal: The interior lining of the eyeball, including the retina (the light-sensitive screen), optic disc (the head of the nerve to the eye), and the macula (the small spot in the retina where vision is keenest). The fundus is the portion of the inner eye that can be seen during an eye exam...
Fungal: Pertaining to a fungus. For example, a fungal skin infection....
Fungal nail infection
Fungal nail infection: The most
common fungus infection of the nails is onychomycosis.
Onychomycosis makes the nails look white and opaque, thickened,
and brittle. Those at increased risk for developing onychomycosis
People with diabetes;
People with disease of the small blood vessels (p...
Fungi: Plural of fungus....
Fungicidal: Capable of killing fungi....
Fungicide: 1. An agent capable of killing fungi.
2. Any pesticide used to control, deter, or destroy fungi.
See also: Fungistat....