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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «F»:

  1. Familial Familial
    Familial: A condition that is tends to occur more often in family members than expected by chance alone. A familial disease may be genetic (such as cystic fibrosis) or environmental (such as tuberculosis)....
  2. Familial adenomatous coli, autosomal recessive Familial adenomatous coli, autosomal recessive
    Familial adenomatous coli, autosomal recessive: See: MYH....
  3. Familial adenomatous polyposis Familial adenomatous polyposis
    Familial adenomatous polyposis: Abbreviated FAP. A syndrome characterized by the formation of thousands of polyps in the colon and rectum with colorectal cancer the inevitable consequence. Polyps can also occur in the stomach, duodenum and the terminal ileum. The polyps most often begin to form at...
  4. Familial adenomatous polyps, autosomal recessive Familial adenomatous polyps, autosomal recessive
    Familial adenomatous polyps, autosomal recessive: See: MYH....
  5. Familial advanced sleep-phase syndrome (FASPS) Familial advanced sleep-phase syndrome (FASPS)
    Familial advanced sleep-phase syndrome (FASPS): An inherited abnormal sleep pattern in which the individual is a "morning lark" and consistently goes to sleep very early and is very early to rise. The individual's blood melatonin level and the body core temperature rhythm which are preordained by o...
  6. Familial ALS Familial ALS
    Familial ALS: ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) in which there a family history of the disease. Familial ALS constitutes 5 to 10% of all cases of ALS. There are a number of different types of familial ALS. They are known as ALS1, ALS2, and so on. ALS1 -- caused by mutation in the superoxide dismu...
  7. Familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis Familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
    Familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in which there a family history of the disease. Familial ALS constitutes 5 to 10% of all cases of ALS. There are a number of different types of familial ALS. They are known as ALS1, ALS2, and so on. ALS1 -- caused by mutati...
  8. Familial breast cancer Familial breast cancer
    Familial breast cancer: A number of factors have been identified that increase the risk of breast cancer. One of the strongest of these risk factors is the history of breast cancer in a relative. About15-20% of women with breast cancer have such a family history of the disease, clearly reflecting th...
  9. Familial cancer Familial cancer
    Familial cancer: Cancer or a predisposition (tendency) to it that runs in families. ...
  10. Familial colorectal cancer Familial colorectal cancer
    Familial colorectal cancer: A label applied to families that contain an unusual aggregation of members with cancer of the colon or rectum but that do not appear to have a known inherited colorectal cancer syndrome. Familial colorectal cancer (FCC) is essentially a descriptive term and does not point...
  11. Familial cylindromatosis Familial cylindromatosis
    Familial cylindromatosis: A genetic syndrome in which numerous benign tumors of skin adnexa (such as the sweat glands) develop, principally on the head and neck. This disorder is inherited in an autosomal manner and is caused by mutation of the CYLD gene on chromosome 16q12-q13. Mutation of CYLD...
  12. Familial dysautonomia Familial dysautonomia
    Familial dysautonomia: A genetic disorder of the autonomic nervous system, affecting especially Ashkenazi Jewish children. Familial dysautonomia is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner and is due to mutation in the IKBKAP gene on chromosome 9q31. Dysautonomia refers to the dysfunction of the a...
  13. Familial eosinophilia Familial eosinophilia
    Familial eosinophilia: An autosomal dominant condition characterized by an abnormally high level of eosinophils in the blood. Despite the prolonged eosinophilia, there may be no symptoms. The gene for familial eosinophilia, called EOS, has been mapped to chromosome region 5q31-33 containing the cyt...
  14. Familial hypercholesterolemia Familial hypercholesterolemia
    Familial hypercholesterolemia: The most common inherited type of hyperlipidemia (high lipid levels in blood). One in every 500 children is born with familial hypercholesterolemia. The condition predisposes to premature arteriosclerosis including coronary artery disease with heart attacks at ...
  15. Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
    Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: A genetic disorder of the heart characterized by increased growth (hypertrophy) in thickness of the wall of the left ventricle, the largest of the four chambers of the heart. Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHCM) can surface any time in life. It may, in...