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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «F»:

  1. Fiber and bowel disorders Fiber and bowel disorders
    Fiber and bowel disorders: High fiber diets help delay the progression of diverticulosis and, at least, reduce the bouts of diverticulitis. In many cases, it helps reduce the symptoms of the Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) (also called spastic colitis, mucus colitis, and nervous colon syndrome.) It i...
  2. Fiber and cholesterol Fiber and cholesterol
    Fiber and cholesterol: Soluble fiber substances are effective in helping reduce the blood cholesterol. This is especially true with oat bran, fruits, psyllium and legumes. High soluble-fiber diets may lower cholesterol and low-density lipoproteins (the 'bad' lipoproteins) by 8% to 15%....
  3. Fiber and constipation Fiber and constipation
    Fiber and constipation: Insoluble fiber retains water in the colon, resulting in a softer and larger stool. It is used effectively in treating constipation resulting from poor dietary habits. Bran is particularly rich in insoluble fiber. ...
  4. Fiber and diabetes Fiber and diabetes
    Fiber and diabetes: Soluble fibers (oat bran, apples, citrus, pears, peas/beans, psyllium, etc.) slow down the digestion of carbohydrates (sugars), which results in better glucose metabolism. Some patients with the adult-onset diabetes may actually be successfully treated with a high-fiber diet alon...
  5. Fiber FISH Fiber FISH
    Fiber FISH: A cytogenetic (chromosome) laboratory technique in which FISH (fluorescence in situ hybridization) is done on chromosomes that have been mechanically stretched. Fiber FISH provides a higher resolution of analysis than conventional FISH and yields more precise information as to the local...
  6. Fiber, elastic Fiber, elastic
    Fiber, elastic: See: Elastic fiber....
  7. Fiber, soluble and insoluble Fiber, soluble and insoluble
    Soluble and insoluble fiber: Fiber (the portion of plants that cannot be digested by the human digestive tract) is classified as soluble and insoluble. Oats, beans, dried peas, and legumes are major sources of soluble fiber whereas wheat bran, whole grain products, and vegetables are major sources...
  8. Fibrates for lowering cholesterol Fibrates for lowering cholesterol
    Fibrates for lowering cholesterol: Fibrates are cholesterol-lowering drugs that are primarily effective in lowering triglycerides and, to a lesser extent, in increasing HDL-cholesterol levels. Gemfibrozil (brand name: LOPID), the fibrate most widely used in the United States, can be very effec...
  9. Fibril Fibril
    Fibril: The diminutive of fiber. A small fiber, a fine thread....
  10. Fibrillation Fibrillation
    Fibrillation: In matters of the heart (cardiology), fibrillation is incoordinate twitching of the heart muscle fibers. The difference between fibrillation and flutter is that fibrillation is not well organized while flutter is. For example, atrial flutter is regular, organized but over-rapid con...
  11. Fibrillation, atrial Fibrillation, atrial
    Fibrillation, atrial: An abnormal irregular heart rhythm whereby electrical signals are generated chaotically throughout the upper chambers (atria) of the heart. Although many persons with atrial fibrillation have no symptoms, the most common symptom is palpitations, an uncomfortable awareness of th...
  12. Fibrillation, auricular Fibrillation, auricular
    Fibrillation, auricular: Essentially the same as atrial fibrillation....
  13. Fibrillation, ventricular Fibrillation, ventricular
    Fibrillation, ventricular: An abnormal irregular heart rhythm whereby there are very rapid uncoordinated fluttering contractions of the lower chambers (ventricles) of the heart. Ventricular fibrillation disrupts the synchrony between the heartbeat and the pulse beat. Ventricular fibrillation is comm...
  14. Fibrillin 1 Fibrillin 1
    Fibrillin 1: See: FBN1....
  15. Fibrin Fibrin
    Fibrin: The protein formed during normal blood clotting that is the essence of the clot. ...