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Drugs and diseases reference index

Drugs and diseases reference index
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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «E»:

  1. Endocardium Endocardium
    Endocardium: The lining of the interior surface of the heart chambers. The endocardium consists of a layer of endothelial cells and an underlying layer of connective tissue....
  2. Endocervical curettage Endocervical curettage
    Endocervical curettage: The removal of tissue from the inside of the cervix using a spoon-shaped instrument called a curette....
  3. Endochondral bone Endochondral bone
    Endochondral bone: Any bone that develops in and replaces cartilage. The cartilage is partially or entirely destroyed by the process of calcification. The cartilage is then resorbed (reabsorbed), leaving bone in its place. Many bones are formed this way, particularly the long bones of the arms, legs...
  4. Endocrine Endocrine
    Endocrine: Pertaining to hormones and the glands that make and secrete them into the bloodstream through which they travel to affect distant organs. The endocrine sites include the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid, parathyroids, heart (which makes atrial-natriuretic peptide), the...
  5. Endocrine gland Endocrine gland
    Endocrine gland: A gland that secretes a substance (a hormone) into the bloodstream. The endocrine glands are "glands of internal secretion." They include the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid, parathyroid glands, heart (which makes atrial-natriuretic peptide), the stomach and int...
  6. Endocrinology Endocrinology
    Endocrinology: The study of hormones, their receptors, the intracellular signalling pathways they invoke, and the diseases and conditions associated with them. A medical endocrinologist is a physician who specializes in the diagnosis and management of hormonal conditions. Endocrinologists usually h...
  7. Endocrinopathy Endocrinopathy
    Endocrinopathy: Literally, a disease of an endocrine gland. A medical term for a hormone problem. For example, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, etc. ...
  8. Endoderm Endoderm
    Endoderm: One of the three primary germ cell layers -- the other two are the mesoderm and ectoderm -- in the very early embryo. The endoderm is the innermost of the three layers. It differentiates to give rise first to the embryonic gut and then to the linings of respiratory and digestive tracts and...
  9. Endodermal Endodermal
    Endodermal: Pertaining to the endoderm or to tissues derived from the endoderm....
  10. Endogenous Endogenous
    Endogenous: Inside. For example, endogenous cholesterol is cholesterol that is made inside the body and is not in the diet. ...
  11. Endometrial ablation Endometrial ablation
    Endometrial ablation: Removal of the lining of the womb. Removing the uterine lining decreases menstrual flow or stops it completely. The endometrium is the inner layer of the uterus (womb), the uterine lining which is normally shed monthly in response to the hormonal changes of the menstrual period...
  12. Endometrial biopsy Endometrial biopsy
    Endometrial biopsy: A procedure for sampling the lining of the uterus (the endometrium). Endometrial biopsy is done to learn the cause of abnormal uterine bleeding (most often), determine the cause of infertility, test for uterine infections, and even monitor the response to certain medications. T...
  13. Endometrial cancer Endometrial cancer
    Endometrial cancer: Cancer of the womb (the uterus ). Endometrial cancer occurs most often in women between the ages of 55 and 70 years. It accounts for about 6% of cancer in women. Women at elevated risk for endometrial cancer include those who are obese, who have few or no children, who began mens...
  14. Endometrial hyperplasia Endometrial hyperplasia
    Endometrial hyperplasia: A condition characterized by overgrowth of the lining of the uterus. Hyperplasia means overgrowth. The endometrium is the inner layer of the uterus....
  15. Endometrioid cyst Endometrioid cyst
    Endometrioid cyst: Part of the condition known as endometriosis, this type of cyst is formed when endometrial tissue (the mucous membrane that makes up the inner layer of the uterine wall) grows in the ovaries. It affects women during the reproductive years and may cause chronic pelvic pai...