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Drugs and diseases reference index

Drugs and diseases reference index
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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «D»:

  1. Drug, antifungal Drug, antifungal
    Drug, antifungal: A drug used to treat fungal infections. Examples of antifungal drugs include miconazole (MONISTAT) and clotrimazole (LOTRIMIN, MYCELEX)....
  2. Drug, antihypertensive Drug, antihypertensive
    Drug, antihypertensive: As the name clearly implies, a drug aimed at reducing high blood pressure (hypertension)....
  3. Drug, antimicrobial Drug, antimicrobial
    Drug, antimicrobial: A drug used to treat a microbial infection. The term "antimicrobial" is a general one that refers to a group of drugs that includes antibiotics, antifungals, antiprotozoals, and antivirals....
  4. Drug, antiprotozoal Drug, antiprotozoal
    Drug, antiprotozoal: Something that destroys protozoa or inhibits their growth and ability to reproduce. A few of the protozoa of medical importance include Plasmodium (the cause of malaria); Entamoeba histolytica (the cause of amebiasis, amebic dysentery) and Trichomonas vaginalis (a cause of vagi...
  5. Drug, antithyroid Drug, antithyroid
    Drug, antithyroid: A drug directed against the thyroid gland. The antithyroid drugs include carbimazole, methimazole, and propylthiouracil (PTU). These drugs are used to treat hyperthyroidism (overactivity of the thyroid gland) in order to reduce the excessive thyroid activity before surgery and to...
  6. Drug, antiviral Drug, antiviral
    Drug, antiviral: An agent that kills viruses or suppresses their replication and, hence, inhibits their capability to multiply and reproduce. For example, amantadine (BRAND name: SYMMETREL) is a synthetic (man- made) drug that inhibits the multiplication of the influenza A virus and has therefor...
  7. Drug, generic Drug, generic
    Drug, generic: The term "generic" has several meanings as regards drugs: The chemical name of a drug. A term referring to the chemical makeup of a drug rather than to the advertised brand name under which the drug is sold. A term referring to any drug marketed under its chemical name without...
  8. Drug, over-the-counter (OTC) Drug, over-the-counter (OTC)
    Drug, over-the-counter (OTC): A drug for which a prescription is not needed....
  9. Drug, prescription Drug, prescription
    Drug, prescription: A drug requiring a prescription, as opposed to an over-the-counter drug, which can be purchased without one. The word "prescription" comes from the Latin "praescriptus" compounded from "prae", before + scribere, to write = to write before....
  10. Drug, sulfa Drug, sulfa
    Drug, sulfa: One of the sulfonamides, the sulfa-related antibiotics which are used to treat bacterial and some fungal infections. The first sulfa drug was prontosil. It was discovered by the German physician and chemist Gerhard Domagk in 1935. The sulfa family of drugs includes sulfadiazine, sulfam...
  11. Drug, tocolytic Drug, tocolytic
    Drug, tocolytic: A medication that can inhibit labor, slow down or halt the contractions of the uterus. Tocolytic agents are widely used today to treat premature labor and permit pregnancy to proceed and so permit the fetus to gain in size and maturity before being born....
  12. Drug-induced liver disease Drug-induced liver disease
    Drug-induced liver disease: Drug-induced liver diseases are diseases of the liver that are caused by physician-prescribed medications, over-the-counter medications, vitamins, hormones, herbs, illicit ("recreational") drugs, and environmental toxins. Many drugs can cause liver diseases. Examples ...
  13. Drug-resistant tuberculosis Drug-resistant tuberculosis
    Drug-resistant tuberculosis: See: Tuberculosis, drug-resistant....
  14. Drug-transporter gene Drug-transporter gene
    Drug-transporter gene: See: Gene, transporter....
  15. Drugs during pregnancy, dangerous Drugs during pregnancy, dangerous
    Drugs during pregnancy, dangerous: A teratogen is an agent that can disturb the development of the embryo or fetus. Teratogens halt the pregnancy or produce a congenital malformation (a birth defect). Classes of teratogens include radiation, maternal infections, chemicals, and drugs. Drugs that are...