Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «D»:
Disease, von Recklinghausen
Disease, von Recklinghausen: Neurofibromatosis type 1....
Osteogenesis imperfecta type II, an inherited connective tissue disorder with very severe bone fragility, the lethal form of "brittle bone disease." It is a recessive trait with males and females affected. Two copies of the mutant gene are needed to cause the disease. Clinically t...
Disease, Werner-His: Named for the German physician
Heinrich Werner (who did not describe Werner's premature aging
syndrome) and the Swiss physician Wilhelm His, Jr. (who did describe
the bundle of His in the heart), this is a louse-borne disease that
was first recognized in the trenches of World...
Disease, Whipple: See: Whipple disease....
Disease, Whitmore's: An infectious illness, also called melioidosis, that is most frequent in Southeast Asia and Northern Australia and is caused by a bacteria called "Pseudomonas pseudomallei" found in soil, rice paddies and stagnant waters. Humans catch the disease by inhalation of contaminated d...
Disease, Wilson: An inherited disorder in which too much copper accumulates in the body. Although the accumulation of copper begins at birth, symptoms of the disorder appear later in life, between the ages of 6 and 40.
A diagnostic feature of Wilson disease is what is called a Kayser-Fleischer ring,...
Disease-free survival: The length of time after treatment during which no disease is found. Can be reported for an individual patient or for a study population.
"Disease-free survival predicts survival. It always has. And there is a very big decrease in cancer incidence so there will be a survival ...
Diseases related to obesity
Diseases related to obesity: Obesity increases the risk of
developing a large number of diseases.
Type 2 (adult-onset) diabetes
High blood pressure (hypertension)
Stroke (cerebrovascular accident or CVA)
Heart attack (myocardial infarction or MI)
Heart failure (congestive...
Diseases, Infectious, Nat'l Inst of Allergy &
Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and
(NIAID): This is one of the National
Institutes of Health in the U.S. In formal terms, the mission of the
"to support and conduct research and research training
(that) strives to understand, treat, and ultimately prevent
Diseases, inherited metabolic
Diseases, inherited metabolic: Also called inborn errors of metabolism, these are heritable (genetic) disorders of biochemistry. Examples include albinism, cystinuria (a cause of kidney stones), phenylketonuria (PKU), and some forms of gout, sun sensitivity, and thyroid disease. These are only a ver...
Diseases, Musculoskeletal, Nat'l Inst
Diseases, Musculoskeletal and Skin, National Institute of Arthritis and (NIAMS): One of the National Institutes of Health in the U.S. As its somewhat cumbersome name indicates, NIAMS's mission is a broad and important one, namely to "conduct and support a broad spectrum of research on normal struc...
Diseases, rickettsial: The infectious diseases caused
by the rickettsiae fall into 4 groups:(1) typhus: epidemic typhus, Brill-Zinsser disease,
murine (endemic) typhus, and scrub typhus; (2) spotted fever-Rocky Mountain spotted
fever, Eastern tick-borne rickettsioses, and rickettsialpox; (3) Q feve...
DISH: Diffuse idiopathic skeletal
Disinsection: Spraying aircraft for insects, a procedure called disinsection.
Some countries in Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean, Australia and the South Pacific require the spraying of the aircraft passenger compartment with insecticide while passengers are present. This is done to prevent the...
Disk, intervertebral: See: Intervertebral disk....