Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «D»:
Disease, Ritter: This is the scalded skin syndrome, a
potentially serious side effect of infection with the Staph (Staphylococcus) bacteria that
produces a specific protein which loosens the "cement" holding the various
layers of the skin together. This allows blister formation and sloughi...
Disease, rotator cuff
Disease, rotator cuff: Damage to the rotator cuff, a group of four tendons that stabilize the shoulder joint and move the shoulder in various directions.
A common cause of shoulder pain, rotator cuff disease can be due to trauma (e.g., from falling and injuring the shoulder or from overuse in sport...
Disease, rotavirus:A leading cause of severe winter
diarrhea in young children.
Each year, rotavirus (RV) causes an estimated 500,000 doctor
visits and 50,000 hospital admissions in the United
States. Almost every child catches RV before entering school but,
with rehydration (and good nutrition...
Disease, sickle cell
Disease, sickle cell: A genetic blood disorder caused by the presence
of an abnormal form of hemoglobin. These hemoglobin molecules tend to aggregate
after unloading oxygen forming long, rod-like strictures that force the red
cells to assume a sickle shape. Unlike normal red cells, which are usua...
Disease, single gene
Disease, single gene: See Single gene disease....
A viral disease of infants and young children with sudden onset of high fever which lasts several days and
then suddenly subsides leaving in its wake a fine red rash. The causative agent is herpesvirus type 6 so the disease is known as Sixth Disease. Also known as Exanthem subitum (s...
Disease, sleeping: See: Sleeping disease....
Disease, startle: A genetic disorder also known as hyperexplexia in which babies have an exaggerated startle reflex (reaction).
This disorder was not recognized until 1962 when it was described by Drs. Kok and Bruyn as a disease with the onset at birth of hypertonia (stiffness), exaggerated startle ...
Disease, Stein-Leventhal: Known descriptively as
polycystic ovarian (PCO) disease, this syndrome is basically an
hormonal problem that causes women to have various symptoms
Irregular or no periods
Excess hair growth.
All women wit...
Disease, Still: See: Arthritis, systemic-onset juvenile rheumatoid....
Disease, subclinical: An illness that stays below
the surface of clinical detection. A subclinical disease has no
recognizable clinical findings. It is distinct from a clinical
disease, which has signs and symptoms that can be recognized. Many
diseases, including diabetes, hypothyroidism, and rh...
Disease, Takayasu: See: Takayasu disease....
Disease, Tay-Sachs: See: Tay-Sachs disease....
Disease, Tsutsugamushi: Scrub typhus, a mite-borne
infectious disease caused by a microorganism, Rickettsia tsutsugamushi, characteristically
with fever, headache, a raised (macular) rash, swollen glands (lymphadenopathy) and a dark
crusted ulcer (called an eschar or tache noire) at the site of the ...
Disease, variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob
Disease, variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob: Abbreviated vCJD. A human disease thought due to the same infectious agent as bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), or mad cow disease. Both the human and bovine disorders are invariably fatal brain diseases with unusually long incubation periods measured in yea...