Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «D»:
Disease, Kimmelstiel-Wilson: Diabetic nephropathy
Kimmelstiel-Wilson disease is a kidney condition associated
diabetes. It affects the network of tiny blood vessels (the
in the glomerulus, a key structure in the kidney that is
Disease, kissing: Infectious mononucleosis
("mono"), a very common illness caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). By the
time most people reach adulthood, an antibody against EBV can be detected in their blood
meaning they have been infected with EBV. The illness is less severe in young ...
Disease, Kok: A genetic disorder also known as hyperexplexia in which babies have an exaggerated startle reflex (reaction).
This disorder was not recognized until 1962 when it was described by Drs. Kok and Bruyn as a disease with the onset at birth of hypertonia (stiffness), exaggerated startle resp...
Disease, Kostmann: A condition with a lack of neutrophils (a type of white blood cell that is important in fighting infection). Children with this disease suffer frequent infections from bacteria which in the past led to death in three-quarters of cases before 3 years of age. This disease is also k...
Disease, Legg: See Legg-Calve-Perthes disease....
Disease, Legg-Calvé-Perthes: See Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease....
Disease, Legg-Perthes: See Legg-Calve-Perthes disease....
Disease, Legionnaire: A disease due to the
bacteria Legionella pneumophila found in plumbing, shower heads and
water-storage tanks. Outbreaks of Legionella pneumonia have been
attributed to evaporative condensers and cooling towers. The
bacteria thrives in the mist sprayed from air-conditioning ...
Disease, lipid storage
Disease, lipid storage: A series of
disorders due to inborn errors in lipid metabolism resulting in the abnormal accumulation
of lipids in the wrong places (Examples include Gaucher, Fabry and Niemann-Pick diseases
and metachromatic leukodystrophy)....
Disease, Lobstein's: Osteogenesis
imperfecta type I. An inherited, generalized connective
tissue disorder featuring bone fragility and blue sclerae
(blue whites of the eyes). The classic mild form of
"brittle bone disease." It is a dominant trait with males
and females affected. One copy of th...
Disease, Lou Gehrig
Disease, Lou Gehrig: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS),
a classic motor neuron disease. Motor neuron diseases are progressive
chronic diseases of the nerves that come from the spinal cord
responsible for supplying electrical stimulation to the muscles. This
stimulation is necessary for the mo...
Disease, mad deer
Disease, mad deer: See Chronic wasting disease....
Disease, manic-depressive: See Manic-depression....
Disease, maple syrup urine
Disease, maple syrup urine: Hereditary disease due to deficiency of an enzyme involved in
amino acid metabolism, characterized by urine that smells like maple syrup. The three branched-chain amino acids: (leucine, isoleucine, and valine) cannot be
metabolized (processed) and build up in the blood ...
Disease, Marburg: A severe form of hemorrhagic fever which affects both humans and non-human primates. Caused by a genetically unique zoonotic (that is, animal-borne) RNA virus of the filovirus family, its recognition led to the creation of this virus family. The four species of Ebola virus are the ...