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Drugs and diseases reference index

Drugs and diseases reference index
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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «D»:

  1. Disease, Kimmelstiel-Wilson Disease, Kimmelstiel-Wilson
    Disease, Kimmelstiel-Wilson: Diabetic nephropathy (kidney disease). Kimmelstiel-Wilson disease is a kidney condition associated with long-standing diabetes. It affects the network of tiny blood vessels (the microvasculature) in the glomerulus, a key structure in the kidney that is composed of cap...
  2. Disease, kissing Disease, kissing
    Disease, kissing: Infectious mononucleosis ("mono"), a very common illness caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). By the time most people reach adulthood, an antibody against EBV can be detected in their blood meaning they have been infected with EBV. The illness is less severe in young ...
  3. Disease, Kok Disease, Kok
    Disease, Kok: A genetic disorder also known as hyperexplexia in which babies have an exaggerated startle reflex (reaction). This disorder was not recognized until 1962 when it was described by Drs. Kok and Bruyn as a disease with the onset at birth of hypertonia (stiffness), exaggerated startle resp...
  4. Disease, Kostmann Disease, Kostmann
    Disease, Kostmann: A condition with a lack of neutrophils (a type of white blood cell that is important in fighting infection). Children with this disease suffer frequent infections from bacteria which in the past led to death in three-quarters of cases before 3 years of age. This disease is also k...
  5. Disease, Legg Disease, Legg
    Disease, Legg: See Legg-Calve-Perthes disease....
  6. Disease, Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease, Legg-Calve-Perthes
    Disease, Legg-Calvé-Perthes: See Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease....
  7. Disease, Legg-Perthes Disease, Legg-Perthes
    Disease, Legg-Perthes: See Legg-Calve-Perthes disease....
  8. Disease, Legionnaire Disease, Legionnaire
    Disease, Legionnaire: A disease due to the bacteria Legionella pneumophila found in plumbing, shower heads and water-storage tanks. Outbreaks of Legionella pneumonia have been attributed to evaporative condensers and cooling towers. The bacteria thrives in the mist sprayed from air-conditioning ...
  9. Disease, lipid storage Disease, lipid storage
    Disease, lipid storage: A series of disorders due to inborn errors in lipid metabolism resulting in the abnormal accumulation of lipids in the wrong places (Examples include Gaucher, Fabry and Niemann-Pick diseases and metachromatic leukodystrophy)....
  10. Disease, Lobstein's Disease, Lobstein's
    Disease, Lobstein's: Osteogenesis imperfecta type I. An inherited, generalized connective tissue disorder featuring bone fragility and blue sclerae (blue whites of the eyes). The classic mild form of "brittle bone disease." It is a dominant trait with males and females affected. One copy of th...
  11. Disease, Lou Gehrig Disease, Lou Gehrig
    Disease, Lou Gehrig: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a classic motor neuron disease. Motor neuron diseases are progressive chronic diseases of the nerves that come from the spinal cord responsible for supplying electrical stimulation to the muscles. This stimulation is necessary for the mo...
  12. Disease, mad deer Disease, mad deer
    Disease, mad deer: See Chronic wasting disease....
  13. Disease, manic-depressive Disease, manic-depressive
    Disease, manic-depressive: See Manic-depression....
  14. Disease, maple syrup urine Disease, maple syrup urine
    Disease, maple syrup urine: Hereditary disease due to deficiency of an enzyme involved in amino acid metabolism, characterized by urine that smells like maple syrup. The three branched-chain amino acids: (leucine, isoleucine, and valine) cannot be metabolized (processed) and build up in the blood ...
  15. Disease, Marburg Disease, Marburg
    Disease, Marburg: A severe form of hemorrhagic fever which affects both humans and non-human primates. Caused by a genetically unique zoonotic (that is, animal-borne) RNA virus of the filovirus family, its recognition led to the creation of this virus family. The four species of Ebola virus are the ...