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Drugs and diseases reference index

Drugs and diseases reference index
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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «D»:

  1. Disease, chronic obstructive lung (COLD) Disease, chronic obstructive lung (COLD)
    Disease, chronic obstructive lung (COLD): Any disorder that persistently obstructs bronchial airflow. COLD mainly involves two related diseases -- chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Both cause chronic obstruction of air flowing through the airways and in and out of the lungs. The obstruction is gener...
  2. Disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary (COPD) Disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary (COPD)
    Disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary (COPD): Any disorder that persistently obstructs bronchial airflow. COPD mainly involves two related diseases -- chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Both cause chronic obstruction of air flowing through the airways and in and out of the lungs. The obstruction is ...
  3. Disease, chronic wasting Disease, chronic wasting
    Disease, chronic wasting: See Chronic wasting disease....
  4. Disease, clinical Disease, clinical
    Disease, clinical: A disease with clinical signs and symptoms that can be recognized. As distinct from a subclinical illness without recognizable clinical manifestations. Diabetes, for example, can be subclinical in a person before emerging as a clinical disease....
  5. Disease, congenital heart Disease, congenital heart
    Disease, congenital heart: A malformation of the heart or the large blood vessels near the heart. The term "congenital" speaks only to time, not to causation; it means "born with" or "present at birth." Congenital heart disease is the most frequent form of major birth defects in newborns affecting ...
  6. Disease, Conor and Bruch Disease, Conor and Bruch
    Disease, Conor and Bruch: African tick typhus, one of the tick-borne rickettsial diseases of the eastern hemisphere similar to Rocky Mountain spotted fever but less severe. Characteristic features include fever, a small ulcer (tache noire) at the site of the tick bite, swollen glands nearby (satelli...
  7. Disease, coronary artery Disease, coronary artery
    Disease, coronary artery: A major cause of illness and death, coronary artery disease (CAD) begins when hard cholesterol substances (plaques) are deposited within a coronary artery. (The coronary arteries arise from the aorta adjacent to the heart and supply the heart muscle with blood that is ric...
  8. Disease, Creutzfeldt-Jakob (CJD) Disease, Creutzfeldt-Jakob (CJD)
    Disease, Creutzfeldt-Jakob (CJD): A dementing disease of the brain. It is believed due to an unconventional (not a bacteria or virus), transmissible agent called a prion. Symptoms of CJD include forgetfulness, nervousness, jerky trembling hand movements, unsteady gait, muscle spasms, chronic dement...
  9. Disease, Crohn Disease, Crohn
    Disease, Crohn: A chronic inflammatory disease primarily involving the small and large intestine but which can affect other parts of the digestive system. It is named for Burrill Crohn, the American gastroenterologist who first described the disease in 1932. Crohn disease is usually diagnosed ...
  10. Disease, Cushing Disease, Cushing
    Disease, Cushing: The constellation of symptoms and signs caused by an excess of cortisol hormone. Cushing disease (or syndrome) is an extremely complex hormonal condition that involves many areas of the body. Common symptoms are thinning of the skin, weakness, weight gain, bruising, hypertens...
  11. Disease, cystine transport Disease, cystine transport
    Disease, cystine transport: Commonly known as cystinuria, this is an inherited (genetic) disorder of the transport of an amino acid (a building block of protein) called cystine resulting in an excess of cystine in the urine (cystinuria) and the formation of cystine stones. Cystinuria is the most com...
  12. Disease, degenerative joint Disease, degenerative joint
    Disease, degenerative joint: Also known as osteoarthritis, this type of arthritis is caused by inflammation, breakdown and eventual loss of the cartilage of the joints. Among the over 100 different types of arthritis conditions, osteoarthritis is the most common, affecting usually the hands, feet, s...
  13. Disease, delta-storage pool Disease, delta-storage pool
    Disease, delta-storage pool: See: Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome....
  14. Disease, exaggerated startle Disease, exaggerated startle
    Disease, exaggerated startle: A genetic disorder also known as hyperexplexia in which babies have an exaggerated startle reflex (reaction). This disorder was not recognized until 1962 when it was described by Drs. Kok and Bruyn as a disease with the onset at birth of hypertonia (stiffness), exaggera...
  15. Disease, Fabry Disease, Fabry
    Disease, Fabry: See: Fabry disease....