Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «D»:
Disease, Behcet's: See: Behcet's syndrome....
Disease, Bernard-Soulier (giant platelet syndrome):This disease is a primary problem of platelets in which the platelets lack the ability to stick adequately to injured
blood vessel walls. This is a crucial aspect of the process of forming a blood clot, and as a result of this problem there is a...
Disease, Binswanger: A form of dementia with blood vessel abnormalities in the deep white-matter of the brain causing loss of memory, decreasing cognition, and mood changes. Patients usually show signs of abnormal blood pressure (too high or too low), stroke, blood abnormalities, disease of the larg...
Disease, bipolar: See: Bipolar disorder....
Disease, black lung
Disease, black lung: See: Black lung disease....
Disease, Bornholm: Bornholm disease is a temporary illness that is a result of virus infection. The disease features fever and intense abdominal and chest pains with headache. The chest pain is typically worsened by breathing or coughing. The illness usually lasts from 3 to 14 days.
The most com...
Disease, Bowen: An early stage of skin cancer.
Bowen disease is medically the same as "squamous cell carcinoma in situ." Squamous cell carcinoma is a tumor that develops from the squamous cells which are flat, scale-like cells in the outer layer of the skin (the epithelium). The term "in situ" (borr...
Disease, Bright's: Chronic inflammation of the blood vessels in the kidney with protein, specifically albumin, in the urine. There are a number of disorders that lead to Bright's disease. With nothing more sophisticated than a candle and a silver spoon, the English physician Richard Bright (1789-185...
Disease, Brill-Zinsser: Recrudescence of epidemic
typhus years after the initial attack. The agent that causes epidemic typhus (Rickettsia
prowazekii) remains viable for many years and then when host defenses are down, it is
reactivated causing recurrent typhus. The disease is named for the physicia...
Disease, Canavan: A severe progressive inherited (genetic) disorder of the central nervous system (CNS). The signs of Canavan disease usually appear when the children are between 3 and 6 months of age. They include developmental delay (significant motor slowness), enlargement of the head (macrocepha...
Disease, cardiovascular: Disease affecting the heart or blood vessels.
Cardiovascular diseases include arteriosclerosis, coronary artery disease, heart valve disease, arrhythmia, heart failure, hypertension, orthostatic hypotension, shock, endocarditis, diseases of the aorta and its branches, disor...
Disease, Castleman's: A disorder of lymphoid tissue (lymphadenopathy) with massive overgrowth (hyperplasia) of lymph nodes ("swollen glands"), most commonly affecting the nodes between the lungs (in the mediastinum).
There are two quite different forms of Castleman's disease. One form, found in 90...
Disease, cat scratch
Disease, cat scratch: A bacterial
infection due to a cat scratch seen most often today in people with HIV. The disease characteristically presents with swollen lymph nodes (lymphadenitis), sore throat,
fatigue, and fever, chills, sweats, vomiting, loss of appetite, and weight loss. There is usuall...
Disease, Chagas: See: Chagas disease....
Disease, Charcot-Marie-Tooth: See: Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease....