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Drugs and diseases reference index

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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «D»:

  1. Diaphragmatic hernia Diaphragmatic hernia
    Diaphragmatic hernia: Passage of a loop of bowel through the diaphragm muscle. This type of hernia occurs as the bowel from the abdomen "herniates" upward through the diaphragm into the chest (thoracic) cavity. Diaphragmatic hernias may be congenital or acquired. Congenital diaphragmatic hernias are...
  2. Diaphragmatic pacing Diaphragmatic pacing
    Diaphragmatic pacing: See: Diaphragm pacing....
  3. Diarrhea Diarrhea
    Diarrhea: A familiar phenomenon with unusually frequent or unusually liquid bowel movements, excessive watery evacuations of fecal material. The opposite of constipation. The word "diarrhea" with its odd spelling is a near steal from the Greek "diarrhoia" meaning "a flowing through." Plato and A...
  4. Diarrhea and dermatitis,  zinc deficiency Diarrhea and dermatitis, zinc deficiency
    Diarrhea and dermatitis, zinc deficiency: Among the consequences of zinc deficiency, dermatitis (skin inflammation) and diarrhea are particularly prominent features. A genetic disease called acrodermatitis enteropathica in which there is impaired zinc uptake from the intestine is, in fact, chara...
  5. Diarrhea, antibiotic-induced Diarrhea, antibiotic-induced
    Diarrhea, antibiotic-induced: A bacterium called Clostridium difficile (C.difficile), one of the most common causes of infection of the large bowel (colon). Patients taking antibiotics are at particular risk of becoming infected with C. difficile. Antibiotics disrupt the normal bacteria of the bowel...
  6. Diarrhea, Brainerd Diarrhea, Brainerd
    Diarrhea, Brainerd: A syndrome characterized by the acute onset of watery nonbloody diarrhea (3 or more loose stools per day), lasting 4 weeks or more, and resolving spontaneously. The disease is of unknown causation and appears in outbreaks or as sporadic cases. It is named after Brainerd, Minnesot...
  7. Diarrhea, E. coli hemorrhagic Diarrhea, E. coli hemorrhagic
    Diarrhea, E. coli hemorrhagic: Bloody colitis (inflammation of the bowel) caused by E. coli, usually by the strain E. coli 0157:H7. The diarrhea is severe with painful abdominal cramps, gross blood in the stool, and lasts for 6 to 8 days. Most commonly, E. coli 01257:H7 comes from eating raw or un...
  8. Diarrhea, rotavirus Diarrhea, rotavirus
    Diarrhea, rotavirus: A leading cause of severe winter diarrhea in infants and young children. Each year, rotavirus (RV) causes an estimated 500,000 doctor visits and 50,000 hospital admissions in the United States. Almost every child catches RV before entering school but, with rehydration (and g...
  9. Diarrhea, traveler's Diarrhea, traveler's
    Diarrhea, traveler's: Diarrhea illness associated with travel to a foreign country. Among the causes of traveler's diarrhea are viruses and enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC). E.coli is a particular type of bacteria that normally lives in the intestines of people (and animals). Most strains of E co...
  10. Diastole Diastole
    Diastole: The time period when the heart is in a state of relaxation and dilatation (expansion). The final letter in "diastole" is pronounced as a long "e" as in "lee." The adjective for diastole is diastolic. The diastolic pressure is specifically the minimum arterial pressure during relaxation...
  11. Diastolic Diastolic
    Diastolic: Referring to the time when the heart is in a period of relaxation and dilatation (expansion). The noun for diastolic is diastole. (The final letter in "diastole" is pronounced as a long "e" as in "lee.") The diastolic pressure is specifically the minimum arterial pressure during relax...
  12. Diastrophic dysplasia Diastrophic dysplasia
    Diastrophic dysplasia: An inherited skeletal disorder involving significantly short stature (dwarfism). Characteristic features at birth include short birth length with short limbs (short-limbed dwarfism), "hitchhiker thumb", and clubfeet. Palatal malformations such as cleft palate or submucous clef...
  13. Diathermy Diathermy
    Diathermy: The use of heat to destroy abnormal cells. Also called cauterization or electrodiathermy. ...
  14. Diathesis Diathesis
    Diathesis: In medicine, a "diathesis" is an elegant term for a predisposition or tendency. Thus, a hemorrhagic diathesis is nothing more than a bleeding tendency. The word "diathesis" is Greek....
  15. Dibenzoxazepine Dibenzoxazepine
    Dibenzoxazepine: A riot control agent or "tear gas." See: Riot control agent poisoning....