Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «D»:
Diabetic coma: Coma in a diabetic due to the buildup of ketones
in the bloodstream. Ketones are a product of metabolizing (using)
fats rather than the sugar glucose for energy.
The best approach to diabetic coma is prevention. Careful diet, medication, and insulin dosing as needed should prevent ...
Diabetic dermatology: See: Diabetic skin disease....
Diabetic dermopathy: A skin condition characteristic of diabetes involving light brown or reddish oval or round scaly patches, most often on the shins or front of the thighs and less often on the scalp, forearm and trunk.
The cause of diabetic dermopathy is thought to be a type of angiitis (vascula...
Diabetic eye disease
Diabetic eye disease: 1. A disease of the small blood vessels of the retina of the eye in people with diabetes. The vessels swell and leak liquid into the retina, blurring the vision and sometimes leading to blindness. Also called diabetic retinopathy.
2. Any eye disease to which diabetes predispos...
Diabetic ketoacidosis: High blood glucose with the presence of ketones in the urine and bloodstream, often caused by taking too little insulin or during illness. See: Ketoacidosis....
Diabetic macular edema
Diabetic macular edema: Swelling of the retina in diabetes mellitus due to leaking of fluid from blood vessels within the macula. The macula is the central portion of the retina, a small area rich in cones, the specialized nerve endings that detect color and upon which daytime vision depends. As mac...
Diabetic musculoskeletal disorder
Diabetic musculoskeletal disorder: A musculoskeletal problem associated with diabetes mellitus.
Diabetic syndrome of limited joint mobility (cheiroarthropathy) -- a syndrome characterized by thickening of the skin over the joints.
Diabetic stiff hand syndrome -- thickening of the ...
Diabetic nephropathy: The kidney disease associated
with long-standing diabetes. Diabetic nephropathy is also called Kimmelstiel-Wilson disease (or Kimmelstiel-Wilson syndrome) or intercapillary glomerulonephritis.
Diabetic nephropathy typically affects the network of tiny blood vessels (the micr...
Diabetic neuropathy: A family of nerve disorders caused by diabetes. Diabetic neuropathies cause numbness and sometimes pain and weakness in the hands, arms, feet, and legs. Neurologic problems in diabetes may occur in every organ system, including the digestive tract, heart, and genitalia. People w...
Diabetic retinopathy: A common complication of diabetes affecting the blood vessels in the retina (the thin light-sensitive membrane that covers the back of the eye). If untreated, it may lead to blindness. If diagnosed and treated promptly, blindness is usually preventable.
Diabetic retinopathy b...
Diabetic shock: Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
associated with diabetes. Symptoms include a sweet,
chemical odor on the patient's breath that is similar to
that of acetone or alcohol ("acetone breath"), fatigue,
light-headedness or fainting, and often reddening of the
skin if the patient is Cau...
Diabetic skin disease
Diabetic skin disease: A skin disorder that is caused by diabetes or affected by diabetes.
Skin disorders are common in diabetes. Some of these disorders are conditions that anyone can have but to which people with diabetes are particularly prone, such as atherosclerotic skin changes, bacterial and...
Diabetic spinal cord disease
Diabetic spinal cord disease: Involvement of the spinal cord in diabetes. Most of the neurologic attention in diabetes mellitus has focused on distal symmetric polyneuropathy (DSP) -- abnormalities of the peripheral nerves, in particular, the nerves to the feet and hands. However, the nerve damage i...
Diabetic xanthoma: See: Eruptive xanthoma....
Diabulimia: Patients with type 1 diabetes attempt to control body weight by minimizing insulin dosages. Since insulin encourages fat storage, sometimes patients attempt to manipulate their insulin, often skipping doses, in an attempt to reduce weight gain. The term does not refer to a recognized med...