Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «D»:
DHF (dengue hemorrhagic fever)
DHF (dengue hemorrhagic fever): A
syndrome due to the dengue virus that tends to affect
children under 10, causing abdominal pain, hemorrhage
(bleeding) and circulatory collapse (shock). DHF starts
abruptly with high continuous fever and headache plus
respiratory and intestinal symptoms with so...
DHHS: Acronym for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Also known as HHS.
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has two types of operating divisions: the Human Services and the Public Health Service Operating Divisions. The Public Health Service Operating Divisions include th...
DHRD: Doyne honeycomb retinal dystrophy, an eye disease also known as malattia leventinese. See: Malattia leventinese....
Di Bella cancer therapy
Di Bella cancer therapy: An alternative medicine cancer
treatment program developed by Dr. Luigi Di Bella based on a drug
cocktail containing a low dose of cyclophosphamide -- a chemotherapy
drug -- plus other drugs and vitamins and given to more than 10,000
patients, nearly 100% of whom were al...
Di-: Prefix taken directly from the Greek meaning twice or double or twofold, as in diacid, diamelia (absence of two limbs), diandry (double male genetic contribution) and digyny (double female genetic contribution); the drugs diazepam, dicyclomine (Bentyl), and diethylstilbestrol (DES); etc.
Dia-: Prefix taken straight from the Greek meaning "through, throughout, completely" as in diachronic,
diagnosis, dialysis, etc. Dia- should not be confused with the prefix di- which has a wholly different meaning....
Diabesity: Diabetes caused by overweight or obesity. From diabetes + obesity. Synonymous with the usual form of type 2 diabetes. UCLA started a Diabesity Research Program in 1998....
Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus share the name "diabetes" because they are both conditions characterized by excessive urination (polyuria).
The word "diabetes" is borrowed from the Greek word meaning "a siphon." ...
Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Diabetes and Digestive and
Kidney Diseases, National Institute of (NIDDK): One
of the National Institutes of Health in the U.S., the
NIDDK has a multisystem name and a comparably broad mission,
namely, to "conduct and support basic and
applied research and provide leadership for a national
Diabetes and fiber
Diabetes and fiber: Soluble fibers (oat bran, apples,
citrus, pears, peas/beans, psyllium, etc.) slow down the digestion of carbohydrates
(sugars), which results in better glucose metabolism. Some patients with the adult-onset
diabetes may actually be successfully treated with a high-fiber diet alon...
Diabetes Association, American (ADA)
Diabetes Association, American (ADA): The American Diabetes Association (ADA) states:
"The American Diabetes Association is the nation's leading nonprofit health organization providing diabetes research, information and advocacy. Founded in 1940, it was reorganized in 1969 to increase its ability to...
Diabetes insipidus: Excessive urination and extreme thirst as a result of inadequate output of the pituitary hormone ADH (antidiuretic hormone, also called vasopressin) or the lack of the normal response by the kidney to ADH.
There are two types of diabetes insipidus -- central and nephrogenic. Cen...
Diabetes mellitus: Better known just as "diabetes" -- a chronic disease associated with abnormally high levels of the sugar glucose in the blood. Diabetes is due to one of two mechanisms:
(1) Inadequate production of insulin (which is made by the pancreas and lowers blood glucose) or
(2) Inadequate ...