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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «A»:

  1. Acidophilus Acidophilus
    Acidophilus: Bacteria found in yogurt that can help restore a supportive bacterial environment to an intestinal tract whose normal intestinal bacterial population ("flora") has been disturbed by disease or antibiotics. Eating yogurt with acidophilus may also be useful in preventing candidiasis (thru...
  2. Acidosis Acidosis
    Acidosis: Too much acid in the body, a distinctly abnormal condition resulting from the accumulation of acid or from the depletion of alkaline reserves. In acidosis, the pH of the blood is abnormally low. Acidosis is associated with diabetic ketoacidosis, lung disease, and severe kidney disease. Th...
  3. Acinetobacter Acinetobacter
    Acinetobacter: (Pronounced AH-sin-neto-bacter). A group of bacteria found in soil, water, and hospitals where they can cause serious infections in immunocompromised people and are often resistant to antibiotics. Acinetobacter can be isolated from many sources including drinking and surface water,...
  4. Acinus, pulmonary Acinus, pulmonary
    Acinus, pulmonary: The ending of a tiny airway in the lung, where the alveoli (air sacs) are located. In anatomy, an acinus is a round cluster of cells, usually epithelial cells, that looks somewhat like a knobby berry. The word "acinus" means "berry" in Latin. (The plural is "acini".) There are als...
  5. ACL ACL
    ACL: Anterior cruciate ligament....
  6. ACL injury ACL injury
    ACL injury: See: Anterior cruciate injury....
  7. Acne Acne
    Acne: Localized skin inflammation as a result of overactivity of the oil glands at the base of hair follicles. Acne happens when oil (sebaceous) glands come to life around puberty, when these glands are stimulated by male hormones that are produced in the adrenal glands of both boys and girls. ...
  8. Acne rosacea Acne rosacea
    Acne rosacea: This term is actually a misnomer! The appropriate term is simply rosacea which is a chronic skin disease that affects the middle third of the face with persistent redness over the areas of the face and nose that normally blush: mainly the forehead, the chin and the lower half of the n...
  9. Acne vulgaris Acne vulgaris
    Acne vulgaris: The common form of acne seen most often in teenagers or young adults, acne vulgaris is the result of overactive oil glands that become plugged, red, and inflamed. Most outbreaks of acne can be treated by keeping the skin clear and avoiding irritating soaps, foods, drinks, and cos...
  10. Acne, adult Acne, adult
    Acne, adult: Popular name for rosacea. For more information, see: Rosacea....
  11. ACNM ACNM
    ACNM: The American College of Nurse-Midwives. See: Nurse-midwife....
  12. ACOG (Amer College of Ob & Gyn) ACOG (Amer College of Ob & Gyn)
    ACOG (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists): The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists is an organization concerned with the quality of OB/Gyn practice in the U.S. It is called "a cog." The members of ACOG are "Women's Health Care Physicians." ACOG is (in their own w...
  13. Acou- Acou-
    Acou-: Combining form relating to hearing. As in acoustic, otoacoustic emission test, and presbyacousia....
  14. Acoustic Acoustic
    Acoustic: Having to do with sound or hearing. The acoustic nerve (the 8th cranial nerve) is concerned with hearing and the sense of balance and head position. An acoustic neuroma is a tumor on the acoustic nerve....
  15. Acoustic aphasia Acoustic aphasia
    Acoustic aphasia: See: Auditory aphasia....