Generic Name: emtricitabine and tenofovir (em trye SYE ta been and ten OF oh vir)Brand Names: AccessPak for HIV PEP Basic, Truvada
Emtricitabine and tenofovir are antiviral drugs that work by preventing HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) cells from multiplying in the body.
The combination of emtricitabine and tenofovir is used to treat HIV, which causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Emtricitabine and tenofovir is not a cure for HIV or AIDS.
Emtricitabine and tenofovir may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.What is the most important information I should know about emtricitabine and tenofovir?You should not take this medication if you are allergic to emtricitabine (Emtriva) or tenofovir (Viread).
Do not take this medication with other medicines that also contain emtricitabine or tenofovir (Atripla, Emtriva, Viread), or lamivudine (Combivir, Epivir, Epzicom, or Trizivir).Some people have developed a life-threatening condition called lactic acidosis while taking emtricitabine and tenofovir. Early signs of lactic acidosis generally get worse over time and this condition can be fatal. Get emergency medical help if you have even mild symptoms of lactic acidosis, such as: muscle pain or weakness, numb or cold feeling in your arms and legs, trouble breathing, stomach pain, nausea with vomiting, slow or uneven heart rate, dizziness, or feeling very weak or tired. Emtricitabine and tenofovir can cause severe or fatal liver problems. Call your doctor at once if you have symptoms such as nausea, stomach pain, low fever, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, or jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes).What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking emtricitabine and tenofovir?You should not take this medication if you are allergic to emtricitabine or tenofovir.
Do not take this medication with other medicines that also contain emtricitabine or tenofovir (Atripla, Emtriva, Viread), or lamivudine (Combivir, Epivir, Epzicom, or Trizivir).
If you have any of these other conditions, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely use emtricitabine and tenofovir:
osteopenia (low bone mineral density); or
if you also have hepatitis B infection.
Your name may need to be listed on a pregnancy registry if you become pregnant while using this medication. The purpose of this registry is to track the outcome of the pregnancy and delivery to evaluate whether emtricitabine and tenofovir had any effect on the baby.You should not breast-feed while you are using emtricitabine and tenofovir. Women with HIV or AIDS should not breast-feed at all. Even if your baby is born without HIV, you may still pass the virus to the baby in your breast milk. Some people have developed a life-threatening condition called lactic acidosis while taking emtricitabine and tenofovir. You may be more likely to develop lactic acidosis if you are overweight or have liver disease, if you are a woman, or if you have taken certain HIV or AIDS medications for a long time. Talk with your doctor about your individual risk. Do not give this medicine to anyone under 18 without the advice of a doctor.
Take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not take it in larger amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.
You may take this medication with or without food.
To be sure this medication is helping your condition and not causing harmful effects, your blood will need to be tested on a regular basis. Your kidney and liver function or bone density may also need to be tested.
If you have hepatitis B you may develop liver symptoms after you stop taking emtricitabine and tenofovir, even months after stopping. Your doctor may want to check your liver function at regular visits for several months after you stop using the medicine. Do not miss any follow-up visits to your doctor.
It is important to take this medicine regularly to get the most benefit. Get your prescription refilled before you run out of medicine completely.
HIV/AIDS is usually treated with a combination of different drugs. To best treat your condition, use all of your medications as directed by your doctor. Do not change your doses or medication schedule without advice from your doctor. Every person with HIV or AIDS should remain under the care of a doctor.Store emtricitabine and tenofovir at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Keep the tablets in their original container, along with the packet of moisture-absorbing preservative that comes with emtricitabine and tenofovir.
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take the medicine at the next regularly scheduled time. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
muscle pain or weakness;
numb or cold feeling in your arms and legs;
feeling dizzy, light-headed, tired, or very weak;
stomach pain, nausea with vomiting; or
slow or uneven heart rate.
signs of liver damage - nausea, stomach pain, low fever, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes);
increased thirst and urination, loss of appetite, weakness, constipation;
urinating less than usual or not at all; or
signs of infection such as fever, chills, skin lesions, or cough with yellow or green mucus.
Less serious side effects may include:
dizziness, anxiety, depressed mood;
headache, tired feeling;
sleep problems (insomnia), strange dreams;
mild nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, upset stomach;
mild itching or skin rash;
darkened skin on the palms of your hands or the soles of your feet;
joint pain, back pain;
numbness or tingly feeling;
runny or stuffy nose, cough; or
changes in the shape or location of body fat (especially in your arms, legs, face, neck, breasts, and waist).
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Usual Adult Dose for HIV Infection:
1 tablet orally once every 24 hours
Usual Adult Dose for Nonoccupational Exposure:
1 tablet orally once every 24 hours plus efavirenzProphylaxis should be initiated as soon as possible, within 72 hours of exposure.Duration: 28 days
This medication can be harmful to the kidneys, and this effect is increased when emtricitabine and tenofovir is used together with other medicines that can harm the kidneys. Before taking this medication, tell your doctor if you have recently used:
methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall);
pain or arthritis medicines such as aspirin (Anacin, Excedrin), acetaminophen (Tylenol), diclofenac (Cataflam, Voltaren), etodolac (Lodine), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), indomethacin (Indocin), naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn), and others;
medicines used to prevent organ transplant rejection, such as cyclosporine (Gengraf, Neoral, Sandimmune), sirolimus (Rapamune) or tacrolimus (Prograf);
an IV antibiotic such as gentamicin (Garamycin), vancomycin (Vancocin, Vancoled), and others;
antiviral medicines such as adefovir (Hepsera), cidofovir (Vistide), or foscarnet (Foscavir); or
cancer medicine such as aldesleukin (Proleukin), carmustine (BiCNU, Gliadel), cisplatin (Platinol), ifosfamide (Ifex), oxaliplatin (Eloxatin), plicamycin (Mithracin), streptozocin (Zanosar), or tretinoin (Vesanoid).
You may need dose adjustments or special tests when taking any of these medications together with emtricitabine and tenofovir.
Other medications that can affect emtricitabine and tenofovir include:
the herpes medications acyclovir (Zovirax) or valacyclovir (Valtrex);
medications to treat cytomegalovirus (CMV) such as cidofovir (Vistide), ganciclovir (Cytovene) or valganciclovir (Valcyte); or
certain other HIV medicines such as atazanavir (Reyataz), didanosine (Videx), indinavir (Crixivan), saquinavir (Invirase), lopinavir/ritonavir (Kaletra), or ritonavir (Norvir).
This list is not complete and there may be other drugs that can interact with emtricitabine and tenofovir. Tell your doctor about all the prescription and over-the-counter medications you use. This includes vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start using a new medication without telling your doctor.